Volume 03 - Issue 02

Paper Title :: Master Manole - a Romanian Scenario of the (Re) construction of the World
From the Folklore Tradition to the Cult Opera
Author Name :: PhD student Coculiana ACĂR
Country :: Romania
Page Number :: 01-06
Located in a meeting area of the great European cultures, the Romanian people showed a permanent receptivity for the innovations of thought, selecting the elements which could be integrated into their own structures. In general, architecture is a model of the universe that it projects in the world. Therefore, we can say that the myth of the sacred place ascension is identified with a true cosmogony, with a creation of the world that "stands for" any other creation, including the human one.
For the Romanian tradition, the transition from mythology to legend and the cult work is defined by the archetypal - in the symbolic universe of (re) construction - the founding of Argeș Monastery by the Archetypal Master Manole. In this context, we shall only mainly follow the semiotic/hermeneutic relation of correspondence between the few sequences of the cosmic world birth, according to one of the well-known Romanian cosmogonic myths and those of the monastery foundation.
Keywords: Master Manole, cosmogonic myths, interdisciplinarity
[1]. Bălu, I. (1997).Opera lui Blaga, Analiza temelor. Bucureşti: Ed. Albatros.
[2]. Bărbulescu, T.(1997). Lucian Blaga. Teme şi tipare fundamentale. București: Saeculum.
[3]. Blaga, L (1969)Trilogia Culturii. București: Minerva.
[4]. Blaga, L. (1985). Trilogia Valorilor. București: Minerva.
[5]. Blaga, L. (1985). Trilogia Culturii. București: Minerva.

Paper Title :: Rejuvenation of fish breeding and hatching of Indian major carps by using the special type of soil in some areas of Bankura district: A novel technology
Author Name :: Tanushree Chakrabarti || Mainak Banerjee
Country :: India
Page Number :: 07-12
The characteristic regional soil for enhancing spawning and hatching of special type of bundhs of Simlipal and Pachmura regions have been studied. Bundh breeding technology of fish is one of the most dependable and traditional source of natural fish seed production. The analysis of the soil indicated the presence of some mineral such as silicon, iron and titanium as compare to the soil of other places and regions. The mineral components of the special soil provide more oxygen supply to the water as well as fish seed and facilitating the buoyancy of fertilized eggs. The said soil showed the water parameters became more congenial for fish spawning and hatching. The present study will open new avenue of fish culture in facilitating enhanced spawning and hatching.
Keywords: Bundh breeding, Fertilized egg, Soil, Aquaculture. Spawner .
[1]. American Public Health Association, Water Pollution Control Federation (APHA). (1989). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 17thEdn. Washington D.C.
[2]. Boyd, C.E. (1995). Bottom Soils, Sediment and Pond Aquaculture, Chapman and Hall, New York, p. 366.
[3]. Chattopadhyay, N.R., Ghorai, P.P. and De, S.K.(2013). Bundh breeding-rejuvenation of a novel technology for quality seed production by the fish seed producers of Bankura District in west Bengal, India. Int. J CurrSci, 9, pp.123-132.
[4]. Ghorai, P.P., Chattopadhyay, N.R. and De, S.K. (2016). Innovation in bundh breeding-unwieldy a new avenues for quality seed production in captivity, India. Int. J Agri. Extn., 3(1), pp.37-45.
[5]. Jhingran, V.G. (1977). Fish and Fisheries of India. Hindustan Publishing Corporation, Delhi, pp. 954.

Paper Title :: The Feasibility of the Coursebook Entitled “ELT Research Paper Writing” as an Instructional Material of Academic Writing
Author Name :: DwiRahayu Ningsih || DjokoAdi Walujo || Sugito
Country :: Indonesia
Page Number :: 13-19
Although there are some research revealing the effectiveness of the prototype model of to be used as an instructional material for academic writing, but a study investigating the feasibility of the course book entitled “ELT Research Paper Writing” written by M. Ali Ghufron (2016) as an instructional material were scarce. The current study aimed at investigating the feasibility ofthe course book entitled “ELT Research Paper Writing as an instructional material for academic writing. This study used the qualitative case study. The This case study was intended to analyze the feasibility of research paper writing to be used as instructional material for academic writing course. The participants of this study were 35 students of academic writing class in high education. Semi-structured interview and questionnaire were used to gain the data.The data analyzed descriptively following bottom-up approach. The results revealed that research paper writing book created is feasible and applicable as an instructional material in academic writing class. Further research in evaluating the effectiveness of research paper writing should be taken into account by the related parties.
Keywords: academic writing, high education, research paper writing, course book evaluation.
[1]. Hutchinson, T.& E. Torres. (1994). The textbook as agent of change. ELT Journal, 48(4): 315-328.
[2]. Cunningsworth, A. (1995). Choosing your coursebook. Oxford: Heinemann
[3]. Richards, J. C. (2001). Curriculum development in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[4]. Chin, P., Koizumi, Y., Reid, S., Wray, S., & Yamazaki, Y. (2012). Academic writing skill: Students’ Book 1. New York: Cambridge University Press.
[5]. Oshima, A & Hogue, Ann (1997) Introduction to Academic Writing: Second Edition. New York: Longman.

Paper Title :: Can Zambia's Local Integration Strategy be a Model for Durable Solutions to Refugee Crises in Africa?
Author Name :: Lweendo Kambela
Country :: Zambia
Page Number :: 20-27
This paper argues that local integration of refugees is the most viable and sustainable durable solution for refugee crises in Africa. This viewpoint is premised on the fact that other forms of durable solutions – repatriation and resettlement, are shifting into being unrealistic due to long-standing conflicts in countries of origin and diminishing appetite to resettle refugees by resettlement countries respectively. The paper describes the applicability and potential of local integration to end the plight of refugees by critically drawing on the Zambia’s local integration strategy being implemented for former refugees. By the 1951 UN Convention definition, a refugee is someone who has been forced to leave his or her country or habitual residence because of persecution, violence or grave human rights abuses directed to them by virtue of their race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership to a particular social group.
For many years now, Zambia has hosted refugees from other countries within and outside Africa and continues to implement traditional durable solutions as proposed by the UN Refugee Agency. More recently, the country intensified repatriation of refugees. However, some refugees could not return to their countries of origin and opted to be locally integrated into the Zambian community. This was particularly for former Angolan and Rwandan refugees whose refugee status ceased in 2012 and 2013 respectively. The country therefore, designed a local integration initiative to integrate 10,000 former Angolan refugees in the first step, and 4,000 former Rwandan refugees in the second step. Overall, this paper argues that local integration remains the most viable and sustainable solution that can facilitate rebuilding of lives of refugees after flight. It also provides justification for the sustainability of local integration in relation to other UNHCR’s proposed solutions.
Keywords: Local integration, refugees, durable solutions, sustainability
[1]. Acheampong, A. A. (2015) Local Integration of Refugees: Reflections from Liberian Refugees in Ghana. MA thesis, the Arctic University of Norway. Available at: (Accessed: 11 December 2019).
[2]. Ager, A. and Strang, A. (2008) Understanding Integration: A Conceptual Framework. Journal of Refugee Studies, 21 (2), pp. 166 – 191. DOI: 10.1093/jrs/fen016
[3]. Alencar, A. (2018) Refugee integration and social media: a local and experiential perspective. Information, Communication and Society, 21 (11), pp. 1588 – 1603. DOI: 10.1080/1369118X.2017.1340500
[4]. Bessa, T. (2009) From Political Instrument to Protection Tool? Resettlement of Refugees and North-South Relations, Canada’s Journal on Refugees, 26 (1), pp. 91 – 100.
[5]. Chelule, E. (2014) Refugee Crisis in Africa. Journal of International Academic Research for Multidisciplinary, 2 (3), pp. 79 – 98.

Paper Title :: Research methodology in attachment between twins with autism
Author Name :: Sideraki Angeliki
Country :: Greece
Page Number :: 28-34
The purpose of this study is to draw new conclusions regarding the issue of attachment between twins. Both parents and educators should be aware of the existence of attachment between children, as it is a situation that directly affects life and the psyche of children both in their juvenile and adult life. Therefore, the whole environment of children should be properly prepared and up-to-date to manage such a situation as successfully as possible. This will introduce new pedagogical methods and practices designed to manage such a situation more appropriately, for the benefit of children and their mental health.

Paper Title :: Assessment of the Technical Skills Acquired by Students of Technology Education for Employment Generation in Rivers State, Nigeria
Author Name :: OWO, OffiaTugwell || DEEBOM, MtormaBari TamBari
Country :: Nigeria
Page Number :: 35-41
The study which used descriptive survey design was conducted to assess the technical skills Acquired by Technology Education Students for Employment Generation in Rivers State, Nigeria. The population of the study was 302 technology education students from Rivers State University, Port Harcourt. Purposive sampling technique was used to obtain from the population, 97 full-time final year students of technology education which served as the study sample. Three research questions guided the study. A self-structured 30-item questionnaire designed by the researchers and titled “Technology Education for Skills Development Questionnaire, (TESDQ)” was used to elicit information from the respondents. The instrument was face-validated by three experts in technology education from Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Rumuolumeni, Port Harcourt, Rivers State. The instrument’s reliability was ascertained via Cronbach’s Alpha method in which a reliability coefficient of 0.89 was obtained. Mean and standard deviation were statistical tools used to analyze the research questions. The findings of the study revealed amongst others that technology education students in Rivers State do not acquire relevant technical skills for employment generation in Rivers State due to unavailability of training materials and competent personnel. Based on the findings, it was recommended that Government should provide adequate training facilities and competent instructors in technical departments in all the tertiary institutions in the state for effective training of students.
Keywords: Technology education, technical skills, employment generation, students.
[1]. Adenle, S. O. & Olukayode, S. I. (2007).Technical and vocational education for productivity and Sustainable development in Nigeria. A paper presented at the 20th Annual National Conference of Nigerian Association of Teachers of Technology, at Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Nigeria.
[2]. Adepoju, S. A. (2014). Basic technology teachers’ perception of the availability and utilization of information and communication technology for teaching in secondary schools in Kwara State. Unpublished Master’s thesis, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria.
[3]. Afeti, G. (2010). Technical and vocational education and training for industrialization. Retrieved from 14/5/19.
[4]. Akaninwor, G. I. K. (2010). Industrial Education and Technology in Nigeria. Owerri: Odesaa Press.
[5]. Akpan, D. A. & Williams, P.S. (2014) Technical vocational education and training for Nigeria: History and National Industrialization for Sustainable Development in the 21st Century

Paper Title :: Online and Printed Media to Enhance Students’ Reading Culture: A Comparative Survey
Author Name :: Suwandi || Suryaman || Retno Danu Rusmawati
Country :: Indonesia
Page Number :: 42-45
The current study was designed to determine whether differences exist in the content of the online and print versions in enhancing students‟ reading culture. One local news in online and print version investigated in this study. Distributing questionnaire to the students was done to gain the data of the students‟ reading interest. The study was a kind of survey method. The numbers of participants were 100 students in two private universities in Indonesia. The data then analyzed descriptively. The result revealed that the students prefer to read the online version of the media and its content entirely. The result also revealed that there is no consistent pattern is evident regarding how students attend to the respective online and print versions.
Keywords: Online media, printed media, reading culture
[1]. Balitbang. Indeks prestasi literasi membaca 34 provinsi. Kemdikbud, 2019.
[2]. Moscardini. Remembering Broadcast News: TheImplications of Experimental Research for Production Technique, Human Learning, 2015; 1(1): 13–29.
[3]. Rosenberg. Traditional News Media Online: AnExamination of Added Values‟, Communications. The European Journal of Communication, Research 2003;25(1): 85–101.
[4]. Magara, Batambuze. Remembering the News: What the PictureAdds to Recall‟, Journalism Quarterly, 2005; 54(2): 231–9.
[5]. Kachala. Patterns of Recall Among Television News Viewers, PublicOpinion Quarterly 2007; 40(1): 115–23.

Paper Title :: A Model for Translation of English Words to Ahirani (Khandeshi) Wordsg
Author Name :: Dr. Rajeev B. Kharat
Country :: India
Page Number :: 46-48
Indian is a country with diversity of people by region, religion, cast, traditions, and specially languages. Language is a basic unit or method of human communication in verbal or written text. India has declared 22 official languages but at the same time other sub languages are used in respective regions. In Maharashtra state main language of communication is Marathi. In the region of Khandesh (Dhule, Nandurbar, Jalgaon, Chalisgaon) Ahirani language is spoken at wide level. The present study is focused on the design and development of a Model for translation of English words to Ahirani language. This model may be useful for learning Khandeshi language.

Paper Title :: Teacher’s Reflection of the Classroom Interaction Pattern in English Language Teaching Practices
Author Name :: Ika Kholifatul Mar’ah
Country :: Indonesia
Page Number :: 55-59
The current research is aimed to find out the patterns of interaction taken place. It was qualitative case study conducted through teacher’s reflection during the teaching and learning process. The participants were an English teacher of junior high school in sub urban school and twenty two students. To gain the data teacher’s observations were conducted to get the data of the pattern of classroom interaction. The data were analysed by using the interaction analysis system adapted from Flanders, 1970. The result revealed that the interaction produced the patterns of group work, choral responses, closed-ended teacher questioning (IRF), individual work, student initiates-teacher answers, open-ended teacher questioning, and collaboration. The study recommended to to build interactive and communicative teaching-learning activities involving more interaction and participation among the students.
Keywords: Interaction pattern, Flanders 1970, Teacher’s reflection.
[1]. Meng, X. & Wang, X. (2011). Action Study of Teacher’s Language on EFL Classroom Interaction. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 1(1), 98-104.
[2]. Zhang, P. (2012). Interactive Patterns and Teacher Talk Features in an EFL Reading Class in a Chinese University-A Case Study with Communicative Teaching Method. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 2(5), 980-988.
[3]. Richards, K. (2003). Qualitative Inquiry in TESOL. Aston University: MacMillan.
[4]. Communicative Teacher Talk in the English Classroom. English Language Teaching, 2(1), 75-79.
[5]. Yin, R. K. (2003). Case Study Research: Design and Methods. London: SAGE Publications.