Volume 03 - Issue 05

Author Name :: Md. Sabirunnisa Gouse || T. Sunandha Tulasi
Country :: India
Page Number :: 01-03
The diasporic Indian English fiction is a significant genre depicting the experiences and outlook of Indian diaspora in a broad sense. It makes room for the discussions in relation to Indian immigrants and offers emotional security to that specific diaspora. Being the representatives of the Indian diaspora, Jhumpa Lahiri addresses the readers of Indian English literature in an insightful, self-effacing style while carrying a sense of the universal experience of immigration. The supposed complexities and uncertainties as a result of the tensions between localities and spatio- temporal dualities is important theme of the diasporic discourse. Already in its inevitable concern with the idea of homeland, the concept of diaspora has also been extended to refer to the mixed or hyphenated identities of persons or ethnic communities and of texts that express and explore this condition, sometimes by employing mixed written and visual discourse.
[1]. Bala, Suman, editor. The Fiction of Jhumpa Lahiri- A Critical Response. Khosla Publishing House, 2014.
[2]. Begum, Najma. “Diasporic Writing of Jhumpha Lahari with special reference to Interpreter of Maladies.” Journal of English Language and Literature, vol. 4, no. 1, 2016, pp. 82-84.
[3]. Choudhury, Buddhadeb Roy. “Metaphor of Pain in Interpreter of Maladies.” Jhumpa Lahiri: Critical Perspectives, edited by Nigamananda Das, Pencraft International, 2012, pp. 82-94.
[4]. Das, Nigamananda, editor. Dynamics of Culture and Diaspora in Jhumpa Lahiri. Adhyayan Publishers and Distributors, 2010.
[5]. Das, Nigamananda, editor. Jhumpa Lahiri: Critical Perspectives Pencraft International, 2008.

Paper Title :: Humans vs Non-humans in Lockdown
Author Name :: Waheeda Bi Khan
Country :: India
Page Number :: 04-08

Paper Title :: Strategies of health production at work and facing violence
Author Name :: Emerson Moraes Teixeira || Flavio Maldonado Bentes
Country :: Brazil
Page Number :: 09-14
In view of the countless contradictions present in the world of work and its deleterious effects on workers' health, we are often led to believe that in the daily lives of companies we must passively accept these effects. The losses experienced by workers point to the existence of violence at work. This article focuses on the construction of strategies to confront violence by expanding the worker's action in the development of the activity. In this way we recognize the importance of work for human life and we emphasize its possibilities to function as one who also operates health.
Keywords: health at work; coping strategy; violence at work.
[1] R. Antunes. “The meanings of work: essays on the affirmation and denial of work”. 2 ed. São Paulo: Boitempo, 2009.
[2] R. Antunes. “The privilege of serfdom: the new service proletariat in the digital age”. São Paulo: Boitempo, 2018.
[3] M. E. B. Barros, S. P. Oliveira. “Building forms of co-management of teaching work: expanded research communities as a privileged strategy”. In: 27ª Reunião Anual da ANPED, 2004, Caxambu. Anais. Caxambu: ANPED, 2004.
[4] Brasil. Lei 8213. Provides for social security benefit plans and other measures. 1991.
[5] G. Canguilhem. The normal and the pathological. Rio de Janeiro: Forense Universitária, 6 ed., 2009.

Paper Title :: Studying Freud’s Notion of Repressed Mind and It’s Portrayal in Fazil’s Manichitrathazhu
Author Name :: Fidha Nazlin P.K
Country :: India
Page Number :: 15-17
Human mind is a complex entity. It is not just a domicile of emotions, but also contains innumerable images and codes as well. Psychoanalysts such as Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan classified the mind into distinctive segments. Freud named it as Conscious, Sub-conscious and Unconscious. Besides, these Sigmund Freud, the Austrian psychoanalyst also formed a state of mind which he named as repression. He described the state of repression as Verdrangung, in German which means pushing away or casting aside. He called the theory of repression as the corner stone of psychoanalysis. According to him, the memories which an individual finds traumatic or painful and at times guilty and shameful are prevented from entering the conscious mind, or they are repressed. Repression is an unconscious act, accomplished by the „ego‟ unlike suppression which is a deliberate one. Freud states that, the memories which are repressed for a long time gradually transform into neurotic symptoms, the expression of which will be considered as illogical and psychologically improper by the society. Fazil‟s magnum opus, „Manichitrathazhu‟ can be considered as an exploration of Freud‟s theory of repression. The character of Ganga and her past is the key to understand her transformation into Nagavalli. Upon a detailed analysis, one can understand that it is not just a case of expressing empathy but that of a repressed mind. The film thus proves to be an effective guide in studying Freud‟s theory of repression.
[1]. Freud, Sigmund. Studies on Hysteria.
[2]. Michael, Billing. Freudian Repression: Conversation Creating the Unconscious.,Cambridge University Press, 1999
[3]. “Quote by Sigmund Freud.” Goodreads,
[4]. Spenser, McDonald Henry. “The Pyschology of Repressed Emotions (The Revolt Series).” JSTOR, 6 Mar.1918

Paper Title :: Teacher’s Reflection on the Development Procedure of Instructional Material Following the ADDIE Model
Author Name :: Lilik Chalifah || Ibut Priono Leksono || Hari Karyono
Country :: Indonesi
Page Number :: 18-22
Development procedure is a systematic process that helps in creating and developing effective, appealing, and efficient instructional materials within a supportive environment using art, science, learning, and instructional theory. As a teacher, they have to understand the procedure in developing instructional material. The current study investigated teachers’ reflection toward the development procedure of instructional material using the ADDIE model. The participant is a teacher in project model of senior high school in East java Indonesia. Under qualitative case study, the current study using questionnaire and interview to gain the data. The data analyzed using content-theme analysis and presented in the form of table and description. The result revealed that there were 5 (five ) steps in developing material that has to be done following the ADDIE model: analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation. All the steps has to be done accordingly to produce the best material development for the students.
Keywords: ADDIE model, development procedure, instructional material, teachers’ reflection
[1]. Awiotua-Efebo E. B (1995). Effective teaching; principles and practice. Harcourt: Heinemann publishers
[2]. Olaitan S.O. & Aguisiobo ON (1994). Teaching of clothing and Textile. New York John Wiley and Sons Publishers.
[3]. Omabe, C.C. (2006). Instructional materials for social studies education in Nigeria. Abakaliki: Willy Rose and Apple seed publishers
[4]. Esu, A.E.O., Enukoha, O.I.T., & Umorem, G. U. (2004). Curriculum development in Nigeria for colleges and universities. Owerri: Whyte and Whyte Publishers
[5]. Tomlinson, B. 2001. Materials Development. In Carter, R. and Nunan, D. (Eds.), The Cambridge Guide to Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Paper Title :: The Contribution of School Committee Effectiveness to Managerial Skills of Junior High School Principal in Tanjungbalai City
Author Name :: Dr. Mesiono. S.Ag. M.Pd
Country :: Indonesia
Page Number :: 23-28
“The research aims to know and find out the contribution of committee school affectivity toward ability managerial of school principals at SMP Kota Tanjungbalai. There are three hypothesis proposed in this research, there is a significant contribution between Committee School Affectivity toward ability managerial of School Principals at SMP Kota Tanjungbalai. The population of this research is all of of School Principals at SMP Kota Tanjungbalai for 20 peoples. The samples of this research is 20 peoples and is taken by using saturated samples. The instrument of research is questionnaires for variable Committee School affectivity and variable of School Principals at SMP Kota Tanjungbalai. To test the content validity, and then the questionnaire was try out for 15 respondent out The research sampling. Variable Committee School affectivity, there are 25 points, which is valid and 22 point is valid and 3 points is invalid and verified and variable ability managerial of School Principals at SMP Kota Tanjungbalai there are 25 points, 22 points is valid and 3 points is invalid and verified. analysis of drill is conducted, while the reliability of instrument is analyzed by Alpha Cronbach with the reliability high level. The result of data analysis indicated that Committee School affectivity significant contribution with ability managerial of School Principals at SMP Kota Tanjungbalai is 38,2%. the higher implementation of Committee School affectivity the higher ability managerial of School Principals at SMP Kota Tanjungbalai.
Keywords: School Committee, Managerial, Principal of Middle School
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[5]. Devung, G. Simon, 1988. PengantarIlmuAdministrasidanManajemen, Jakarta : P2LPTK.

Paper Title :: The Usage of ‘Let Go Vandalism’ Intervention in Curbing Vandalism Behaviour among Year Five Pupils
Author Name :: Ruba Davi Raja Gopal || Mohd Izwan Mahmud
Country :: Malaysia
Page Number :: 29-35
This study aims to identify factors causing vandalism and intervention to reduce vandalism among year five students of Primary School Simpang Lima 1 Klang. Vandalism is a major problem faced by educators in schools. Among those involved in vandalime like intimidation, destroying school possessions and bullying. This action study uses quantitative approach with descriptive type design to obtain feedback from samples. The instrument of study used is a questionnaire. This study involved eight respondents selected from the year fivestudents from the school students personality System (SSDM). The study shows that a total of eight male pupils comprising Indians and Chinese are most dominant to do vandalism in the school. This study was conducted for four months on students who did vandalism. Based on the findings of research, indicating that factors that contribute to the formation of vandalism are caused by the negative influence of peers. Based on initial findings, a intervention programme is implemented to reduce problems in this school through “let go vandalism” (LGV) interventions involving several activities. There are five intervention programmes to be carried out through group activities and individual activities together with the students of vandalism. Among the interventions conducted are „why we are here‟, „psychodrama wipe out vandalism‟, „treasure‟, „motivation to myself‟, and „create dreams‟. The main factor for the intervention programme is to provide awareness among the year five pupils. The implications of this study found that interventions helped pupils increase self-awareness on offences committed. Several suggestions such as external party collaboration such as police, authorities, community and the support of parents are necessary to prevent the behavior of vandalism from continuing to be prevalent in school.
Keywords: vandalism, behaviour, pupils, peers, intervention
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[3]. Azizi Yahaya, Shahrin Hushim, Mascilla Hamzah. (2012). Masalah Salah Laku Agresif dalam Kalangan Pelajar Sekolah Rendah dan Hubungannya dengan Gaya Keibubapaan. Fakulti Pendidikan, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia UTM Johor Bahru, Johor.
[4]. Buerah Tunggak, Shanah Ngadi, Hamimah Abu Naim 2015). Delinkuen Pelajar Dan Cadangan Penyelesaiannya Menerusi Model Pembangunan Sahsiah Ramaja/Pelajar Muslim Bersepadu. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Skudai, Johor.
[5]. Corene de Wet, (2014). The extent and couses of learner vandalism at schools. Department of Comparative Education and Education Management, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Afrika.