Volume 03 - Issue 09

Paper Title :: Unconscious Revelations and Dreams: An Applicational Study of Freudian Theory of Dreams
Author Name :: Sunakshi Satsangi
Country :: India
Page Number :: 01-06
Sigmund Freud was known as the „father of Psychoanalysis‟ who revolutionized the understanding of human behaviour with his Theory of Psychoanalysis. His major contribution was his book The Interpretation of Dreams in which he discussed about dreams at length. This paper tries to analyze the dream phenomenon as presented in some literary works. The paper interprets the dreams of certain characters in selected literary works according to Freud‟s Theory of Dreams.
Keywords: dreams, interpretation, literature, unconscious, wish-fulfillment.
[1]. Freud, Sigmund. The Interpretation of Dreams. Maple press private limited.2018.
[2]. Hadley, Tessa. Bad Dreams and Other Stories. Vintage. United Kingdom: 2017
[3]. Munro, Alice. The Love of a Good Woman. Vintage. United States:1998.

Paper Title :: The Alignment between Career Interests and STEM Careers of Secondary School Students
Author Name :: Tee Yin Ai || Mohd Izwan Bin Mahmud
Country :: Malaysia
Page Number :: 07-11
Satisfaction in choosing a career is important and could be achieved when a person chooses his career in line with the personality and environment. This would usually create a strong job orientation. This study aims to identify the STEM career interest tendency of form two students and measure the relationship between career interests and STEM careers. This study used a survey design. A total of 53 form two students were involved as study respondents consisted of 14 males and 39 females. The instrument used was Career Exploration, adapted from the Self-Directed Search (SDS) test. Data were analysed descriptively and inferentially using SPSS Windows version 23.0. The findings of the study showed that Holland‟s three-point codes (Holland, 1989) for STEM careers were Social, Investigative, and Realistic (S-I-R). Most STEM interests fit the People-Things dimension. However, Chi-squared test showed significant misalignment between STEM careers and career interests (X2 (5) = 10.87, p>.05). Researchers suggested that career counsellors assess the importance of career interests in explaining and describing STEM careers. Future studies should emphasize on identifying the personalities and career interests of students before being employed as well as selecting more samples. Suggestions for further studies includes the study of the relationship between STEM career interests and parental influence, career alignment and job satisfaction, career alignment and job motivation, career alignment and achievement and productivity, gender characteristics and job satisfaction as well as career alignment and life satisfaction.
Keywords: Career Interests, Holland, STEM Careers, Personalities
[1] Z. Zaib, “Pemilihan Kerjaya Pelajar Tingkatan 6 Atas Di Sekolah Menengah Kluster Di Kelantan,” Uthm, 2014.
[2] N. Ismail and S. Noah, “Profil Dan Keselarasan Kerjaya Di Dalam Dunia Pekerjaan Maskulin Dan Feminin Di Daerah Petaling,” J. Teknol., vol. 44, pp. 31–44, 2012.
[3] M. Juhari, K. Suhaila, K. Johari, and M. Mahmud, “Kecerdasan Pelbagai dan Minat Kerjaya dalam Kalangan Pelajar Sekolah Menengah,” vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 133–141.
[4] M. Chiu, Science Education Research and Practice in Asia.
[5] B. P. Kurikulum and Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia, “PANDUAN PELAKSANAAN SAINS, TEKNOLOGI, KEJURUTERAAN DAN MATEMATIK DALAM P&P,” 2016.

Paper Title :: Model for Receiving Tax Reclame in Kupang City
Author Name :: Aplonia Atto || Joritha Naisanu
Country :: Indonesia
Page Number :: 12-16
Billboard tax is one of the sources of Regional Asset Revenue in Kupang City, which until now has not yet reached the target even though many people are doing business productively so that they will be busy using billboards.This study aims to model the advertisement tax revenue in the city of Kupang. This research will be carried out at the Kupang City Regional Revenue Service office from January to June 2020. Data collection techniques using study documentation with secondary data types, and to answer the problem and research objectives, regression analysis is used. The results of the study are: Analysis using a two-way t test shows that the variable population and the number of companies have a significant effect on advertisement tax revenue while PDRB does not affect the advertisement tax revenue.
Keywords: Model, Revenue, Advertisement Tax
[1]. Arge M. (2018). Analysis of Factors That Affect Billboard Tax Revenue in Yogyakarta City in 2001-2015. Skripsi Fakultas Ekonomi Yogyakarta- Universitas Islam Indonesia
[2]. Devas, Nick. (1989). Regional Government Finance in Indonesia. Jakarta : UI. Press
[3]. Law No. 28 of 2009 concerning Regional Taxes and Regional Levies
[4]. Marihot P Siahaan. (2005). Regional Tax and Retribution. Raja Grafindo Persada, Jakarta
[5]. Muqodim. (1999). Book One Taxation.Yogyakarta : UII Press

Paper Title :: Risk Taking and Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises in Rivers and Bayelsa States of Nigeria
Author Name :: Obioma Uzoma Onyenma || Miebaka Dagogo Tamunomiebi || John Mark
Country :: Nigeria
Page Number :: 17-23
The study investigated the relationship between risk taking and performance of small and medium enterprises in Rivers and Bayelsa states of Nigeria. The unit of data generation was the firm and the corresponding level of analysis was the macro-level. A total of three hundred and sixty (360) small and medium enterprises studied constituted the study population, and a sample size of one hundred and eighty-six (186) was drawn using the Krejcie and Morgan table. Data was collected through questionnaires distributed to the respondents. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 22 was used and inferential statistics such as Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficients, regression and p-values were calculated in order to ascertain the nature and direction of the proposed relations and for testing the stated hypotheses.Results revealed positive and significant relationship between risk taking and measures of small and medium enterprises performance. The study concluded that risk taking led to improved customer satisfaction, growth increment and improved social performance of small and medium enterprises in Rivers and Bayelsa states. The study recommended that small and medium enterprises should apply and adopt risk taking in the operation of their businesses to improve performance.
Keywords: Risk taking, SME performance, growth, customer satisfaction, social performance
[1]. Abdullah, M.A &Bin Bakar M.I.(2000).Small and mediumenterprise in Asian Pacificcountries - Volume II: Linkages and policysupport; Huntington, NY.Nova Science Publishers Inc.
[2]. Aremu, M. A& Adeyemi, S.L. (2011). Small and medium scale enterprise as a strategy for employment generation in Nigeria.Journal of Sustainable Development; 4(1), 26-32.
[3]. Ariyo, D. (2008). Small firms are the backbone of the Nigerian economy. African EconomicAnalysis, Academy Management Journal; 1(1), 12-19.
[4]. Baker, W.E. & Sinkula, J.M. (2009). The complementary effects of market orientation andentrepreneurial orientation on profitability in small businesses. Journal of SmallBusinessManagement; 47(4), 443-464.
[5]. Block, J., Sandner, P. & Spiegel, F. (2015). How do risk attitudes differ within the group ofentrepreneurs? The role of motivation and procedural utility. Journal of Small BusinessManagement; 53(1), 183–206.

Paper Title :: Assessing Rural Finance and Accounting Management skills in small-scale farmers of Los Rios – Ecuador
Author Name :: Migdalia Díaz Chong || David Gortaire Díaz || Tania Bastidas Arbeláez || Julio Mora Aristega || Reyes Calderón Angulo
Country :: Ecuador
Page Number :: 24-31
This research aims to analyze the financial management of small-scale producers mainly dedicated to family farming. The study was carried out in the province of Los Rios, where it explains the main issues regarding the pros of having accounting and management for farmers and issues related to not keep financial records. The data were collected through a semi-structured survey which was carried out on small-scale producers who are engaged in family farming. Descriptive statistics were used to explain the main hypothesis of the study. As a result, more than 50% of producers, even when presenting small incomes, tend to keep a record of incomes and expenses, in a formal or informal method, independently of not having proper training or extension services that support this management. Producers of Los Rios have a great source of biodiversity, indicating they harvest approximately 79 species and supporting self-consumption and food security. Finally, public policy implications for decision making are presented in the discussion
Keywords: Rural finance, accounting, agriculture, small-scale, producers, management.
[1] M. F. A. Lindao, C. A. A. Lindao, J. R. Holguin, and F. L. P. Carpio, “Modelo de sistema contable y de control para los agricultores de la comuna Loma Alta. Santa Elena, Ecuador,” Obs. la Econ. Latinoam., vol. 226, 2016.
[2] J. Grossman et al., “La prestación de servicios a los pequeños agricultores: Últimas novedades en materia de finanzas digitales,” Enfoques, vol. 94, pp. 1–16, 2014.
[3] G. T. Abate, S. Rashid, C. Borzaga, and K. Getnet, “Rural Finance and Agricultural Technology Adoption in Ethiopia: Does the Institutional Design of Lending Organizations Matter?,” World Dev., vol. 84, pp. 235–253, 2016.
[4] ESPAC, “Encuesta de Superficie y Producción Agropecuaria Continua,” 2017.
[5] D. Carrión and S. Herrera, Ecuador rural del siglo XXI : soberanía alimentaria, inversión pública y política agraria. 2012.

Paper Title :: Performance and Production of Cattle Population and Their Milk Production in YSR Kadapa District of Andhra Pradesh
Author Name :: B. Balajinaik || Prof. Srinivasulubayineni
Country :: India
Page Number :: 32-36
Dairy farming as an integral part of agriculture which provides sustainable income and reduces unemployment to a large number of rural poor. Hygienic milking plays a crucial role in profitable dairy enterprise. Milk production in Andhra Pradesh has grown remarkably, but the potential role of dairy farming as a means to increase household cattle animals and generate milk production by increasing the competitiveness of (small-scale) milk production in the state is still far from being realized. For the dairy sector to play this developmental role there is an urgent need to provide the vast majority of small-scale dairy farmers with a quality livestock service package which is affordable, both to the recipients and the providers, and which has maximum impacts on the key production and financial parameters of the predominant farm types. To assess the knowledge of dairy animal owners in improved dairy husbandry practices a field study was undertaken in Kadapa District of Andhra Pradesh and the information was collected.
Keywords: YSR kadapa district, cattle population, performance, milk prod
[1]. S. Sreedhar “Milking Managemental Practices and Marketting of Milk in Rayalaseema Region of Andhra Pradesh”, November 2017,p.525
[2]. Dr. Bharadwaja Krishna “knowledge of dairy animal owners in improved dairy husbandry practices in kadapa district of AndhraPradesh” Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Extension Education B.V.Sc and A.H. College of Veterinary Science, Proddatur, Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University Andhra Pradesh, India E-mail: (*Corresponding Author)
[3]. India Dandolu „An Economic Analysis of Mini Dairy Scheme Impact in Y. S. R. Kadapa District of Andhra Pradesh‟, India.Vol 9(4), 218-224.DOI-
[4]. Cite this article: Sreedhar. , S., Reddy, A.N., Babu, P.R., Sudhakar, B.V., Kamalakar, G. and Tejaswi, V., Milking Managemental Practices and Marketing of Milk in Rayalaseema Region of Andhra Pradesh, Int. J. Pure App. Basic. 5(6): 524-530 (2017). doi:
[5]. Otto Garcia”Dairy economist, Dairy Development Initiative and the IFCN Dairy”, Research Centre, Germany. Email:

Paper Title :: The Defining Qualities of Learner leadership at School Level
Author Name :: Elock Emvula Shikalepo || Selma Ndeyapo Kandjengo
Country :: Namibia
Page Number :: 37-46
Schools are dynamic institutions whose leadership approach draws representation from different constituents of the school. One of the constituents that has received momentum in recent years is learner leadership, which involves giving learners a voice to participate in the management and leadership activities of their schools.The purpose of the study was to establish the qualities essential for learner leadership within a school context, with the aim of cultivating learner leadership structures that draws on learners with established learner leadership qualities. A case study design was used as a methodology for the research, whose sample comprised of a school principal,teachers and learners of Oshana Region. All participants were selected using purposive sampling.The data was collected with document analysis, semi-structured questionnaires, interviews, observation and journaling. The collected data was analysed by establishing themes. The study established that learner leadership is associated with specific human resources capabilities related to influencing, leading, directing and motivating other learners at school. Good learner leadership requires an established learner who is exemplary and a role model for other learners. In addition, learner leadership is about having the power to enforce compliance with school rules and regulations. As informed by traditional theories on leadership,learner leadership can be made possibleby innate qualities as can be evident with individual learners, making them electable candidates to learner leadership positions. It becomes evident that learner leadership comes with specific leadership qualities, begging the need to elect learners to learner leadership structures on the basis of established learner leadership qualities for successful execution of leadership responsibilities.
Keywords: Learner leadership, Learner Representative Council, LRC, Leadership, Management, Learner voice, Learner leader
[1]. Berg, B. L. (2001). Qualitative research methods for social sciences (4th ed.). Boston: Allyn& Bacon.
[2]. Bertram, C.& Christiansen, L. (2014). Understanding research: An introduction to reading research. Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.
[3]. Black, R., Walsh, L., Magee, J., Hutchins, L., Berman, L.& Groundwater-Smith, S. (2014). Student leadership: a review of effective practice. Canberra: ARACY.
[4]. Borg, S. (2001). The research journal: a tool for promoting and understanding researcher development. Language Teaching Research, 5(2), 156-177.
[5]. Chavez, C. (2008). Conceptualizing from inside: advantages, complications and demands on insider positionality. The Qualitative Report, 13(3), 474-494.

Paper Title :: Analysis of Women's Leadership in the Government Bureaucracy
Author Name :: Kretisana Jagi || Joritha Naisanu || Nur Aini Bunyani
Country :: Indonesia
Page Number :: 47-55
Women have been given space and a place to participate, for example in schools or various fields of knowledge and work can be done by women,However, the culture of neglecting women or the culture of patriarchy continues to grow, resulting in the emergence of gender inequalities in various fields, especially in the field of bureaucracy. In connection with the tendency of gender injustice in the bureaucracy. One of the indicators for assessing the improvement of gender justice in the bureaucracy is by measuring the presence of women in the bureaucratic work unit which is portrayed from the number, distribution and composition of civil servants. The purpose of this study is to describe the role of women in the bureaucracy and to analyze their role in bureaucratic leadership. This study used descriptive qualitative method. This research was conducted in the province of East Nusa Tenggara, especially in the government bureaucracy of East Nusa Tenggara Province. The focus of the research is women officials in structural echelon II, III and IV positions in 2017-2018. The main data source of this study were the informants who were selected purposive. Data collection techniques in research used in the study of Women's Leadership Analysis in the Bureaucracy are in-depth interviews and study of written documents. The data analysis technique used in this research is data reduction, data display, and verification. The results showed that women's access to the NTT provincial government bureaucracy experienced inequality. From the research data, it shows that women actually have a leadership style that is able to bring organizations to achieve their common goals. By using an analysis of the Servan leadership style in the NTT provincial government SKPD, women's leadership shows a good listening attitude to subordinates, has empathy, conceptuality, the ability to serve and is always committed to human growth.
Keywords: Leadership, Women, Bureaucracy
[1]. Nugroho, Riant. 2008. Gender and Public Administration, Pustaka Pelajar, Yogyakarta.
[2]. Pandie, David. 2012. Gender, Bureaucracy and Politics, Undana Press: Kupang.
[3]. Anonimous. 2019. NTT Province BKD data.
[4]. Abdullah Faiq.2004. Analysis of Women's Leadership in the Government Bureaucracy (Studies on Women's Leadership in Tuban Regency, East Java)
[5]. Lita Mewengkang, Jantje Mandey, Joorie Marhaen Ruru. 2017. The Role of Women's Leadership in Public Positions (Study at the Regional Secretariat Office of South Minahasa Regency).

Paper Title :: Stress Management Training for Class X Students SMK 7 YOGYAKARTA
Author Name :: Srimulyani Imran || Nurfitria Swastiningsih
Country :: Indonesia
Page Number :: 56-60
This study aims to see the effect of stress management training on class X students. The training is conducted so that students can manage stress appropriately so that stress decreases and can be more productive in school. The study uses a quantitative approach, with a sampling technique that is purposive sampling. The sample of this study was six students of class X SMKN 7 Yogyakarta who was experiencing stress. The measuring instrument used was the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) scale, consisting of 42 items. The analysis uses Friedman's different tests, to see the differences between the three groups, namely the pretest, posttest, and follow-up groups. The results showed that there were no significant differences between the pretest, posttest, and follow-up scores. This means that the interventions provided do not have a significant effect on reducing stress levels in students.
Keywords: Stress; Group Discussion, Psychoeducation, Relaxation
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