Volume 05 - Issue 01

Paper Title :: Improvement of Primary School Pupils Physical Education with the Help of Aerial Silks Classes
Author Name :: Drach Tamara Leonidivna
Country :: Ukrain
Page Number :: 01-04
Secondary schools of Ukraine offer interesting innovative programs for children and parents. The GlobalKids School (Lviv, Ukraine) is no exception - an innovative kindergarten and school, where children are offered not only general education programs for student development, but also additional developmental subjects that allow fully develop the child's personality. In addition to general education subjects in this private school, children were offered additional classes in physical education, namely, football, karate, aireal silks, etc.
Primary school children who find it difficult to sit still for a long time - this gives them an important opportunity to move and gain additional energy for the humanities. Therefore, we had a goal: to explore methods of improving the physical education of primary school students by means of aerial silks. Due to the research, we analyzed the literature on the issue of physical education of primary school students, identified the main methods of their physical education and used aerial silks trainings as a means of improving the physical education of children. The innovative school and kindergarten GlobalKids gave the opportunity for the primary school students try their forces in this direction and make a choice for children on the possibility of professional training on aireal silks at the School of Aerial Acrobatics.
Keywords: Global Kids kindergarten, physical education, primary school age, teaching methods, aerial acrobatics, aerial silks.
[1]. Santos Steven.(2013) Simply Circus. Introduction to Rigging Lyras and Trapeze Bars. Simply Circus, Inc.
[2]. Gurevich Z.B. (1984) O zhanrah sovetskogo cyrka [About the genres of the Soviet circus]: a textbook for schools of circus and pop art and departments of circus directing theater, institutes. Moskow: Art, 303 p.
[3]. GlobalKids – innovative school and kindergarten. URL: (Access date: 16.10.2021)
[4]. Kozlenko N.O.(1985) Shkolyaram – zvychku zaymatysya fizkulturoyu. [For the pupils - the habit of physical education] / N.O. Kozlenko.K., 120 p.
[5]. Stepanenkova O.Ya. (2006) Teoriya i metodika phisychnogo vyhovannya tarozvytku dytyny. [Theory and methods of physical education and development of the child].[Text]: textbook. for universities / O.Ya. Stepanenkova.M.: "Academy".2nd ed.368 p.

Paper Title :: The daring in contemporary fashion
Author Name :: Rim EL HENI
Country :: Tunisia
Page Number :: 05-10
Our article aims to shed light on the daring in contemporary clothing design, which has long been codified and managed by conventions and rules where the right proportion, balance, harmony and canons of beauty reign. This concept is part of the transgression and the unusual, and it is fundamental in the contemporary conceptions of several fashion designers. This study will address the notion of audacity in terms of etymology and artistic manifestations, and will analyze some examples of extravagant works by various global designers such as John Galliano, Viktor & Rolf, Rei Kawakubo, Hussein Chalayan and Rick Owens.
Keywords: Audacity, insolite, contempory fashion, fashion show.
[1]. BERTHET Dominique, L’audace en art, Paris, L'Harmattan, 2005.
[2]. BOLTON Andrew, Rei Kawakubo Comme des Garçons : Art of the In-Between, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2017, 248 P.
[3]. EVANS Caroline, FRANKEL Susannah, The House of Viktor & Rolf, Merrell, London, 2008, 255 P.
[4]. FAIRER Robert, WILCOX Claire, TALLEY André Leon, John Galliano : Unseen, Yale University Press, New Haven, 2017, 351 P.
[5]. FOUCHARD Gilles, La mode, Le Cavalier Bleu, Coll. Idées reçues, Paris, 2005, 125P.

Paper Title :: Unusual choreography in fashion shows
Author Name :: Dr. Meriem EL HANI BESBES
Country :: Tunisia
Page Number :: 11-16
If the rules of the model’s gait on the fashion show’s podium are traditionally defined, the most avant-garde of the fashion word dare to emancipate of them; the simple rectilinear gait transformed to modes of artistic expression. We allow dancing, running and even swimming while creating unusual choreographies. An unusual choreography can be born through an anti-fashion creation or not. In short, the fashion show becomes more attractive and more visible, the creation is represented differently and many clear messages are transmitted. Our article is based on a corpus of various fashion shows that have been talked much about.
Keywords: fashion show, choreography, model’s gait, unusual
[1]. Fashion House, « Word of the month », April 2018, SHOUTOUT WIX, URL:, consulted on 20-10-2021.
[2]. EL HANI Meriem : La scénographie de l’insolite dans les défilés de mode contemporains, PhD thesis in Design, University of Manouba, 2019.
[3]. Irina Shayk, “base model position and turns - Gait scandal review: Gear Review: Scandal Shaft by Gait Lacrosse”, 2015, KING STONY OUTH LA CROSSE, URL:, consulted on 19-10-2021
[4]. “Gait model: the rules and requirements of a beautiful walk”, 2019, PUBLIC WELFARE, URL,, consulted on 19-10-2021.
[5]. STANSFIELD Ted, “When Hussein Chalayan turned furnishings into fashion”, January 26, 2016, AN OTHER MAG, URL,, consulted on 19-10-2021.

Paper Title :: Environment, Poverty and Sustainable Development: A Nexus
Author Name :: Samreen Fatima
Country :: India
Page Number :: 17-23
Developing countries are facing the dilemmas such as unsustainability, poverty. Threats to sustainability of a system require vital attention, there rate of change begins to approach the speed with which the system can adequately respond. As the rate of change overwhelms the ability to respond, the system loses its viability and sustainability. The sustainability of human kind is now threatened by both of these factors: the dynamics of its technology, economy and population accelerate the environmental and social rate of change, while growing structural inertia reduces the ability to respond in time.
Development processes a primarily resource -driven. Even technological and institutional changes are triggered by human resources; people are the prime movers in processes that utilised both renewable and non-renewable natural resources. However, resource utilisation strategies vary from society to society, and the measure of how effectively and efficiently a society manages and sustains its resources such that development processes are not impeded due to resource depletion or degradation.
A multitude of problems relating to resource depletion and degradation exist. The basic concern among the countries still focus on the economic growth and the general uplifting of living standard, there are concern that this goal cannot be reached if corresponding attention is not given to examining and providing remedial and preventive measures to avoid degenerating environmental conditions.
This study is an attempt to throw a valuable light on the environment, poverty and sustainable development nexus. The study indicates that unsustainability and poverty are linked. The linkage among environment/agriculture, poverty and social capital are complex and, in many cases, poorly understood. There is a need for improving of social capital to integrate environment and people to alleviate poverty and to receive sustainable development.
Keywords: Environment, Sustainability, Poverty, Sustainable Development.
1. Poverty Alleviation and Sustainable Development: The Role of Social Capital, Ali Asadi, Morteza Akbari, Hossain Shabanali Fami, Hoshang Iravani, Farhanaz Rostami and Abulhasan Sadati, Journal of Social Sciences 4 (3), 2008, available at, visited on 07/01/2018.
2. Sustainable Development, Poverty and The Environment: A Challenge to The Global Community, IUCN The World Conservation Union, WWF, available, Visited on 12/01/2018.
3. What is Sustainable Development? Goals, Indicators, Values, and practice, Robert W. Kates, Thomas M.parris, and Anthony A. Leiserowitz, Environment Science and Policy For Sustainable Developmet, Year 2016, Available at, Visited on 15/01/2018.
4. Environmental Law, Dr.J.J.R.Upadhyay, Central Law Agency, Allahabad,3rd Edition 2012.
5. Poverty and Development: need for Conceptual Refinement, Rajesh Gill, Poverty,Population & Sustainable Development, ed.SR Mehta, Rawat Publication Jaipur & New Delhi.

Paper Title :: The Issues of Social Realities and Social Relationships in Hanif Kureishi’s The Buddha of Suburbia and The Black Album
Author Name :: Dr. Ibrahima LO
Country :: Senegal
Page Number :: 24-30
This article attempts to analyze the problem of integration of Indian immigrants in the British society, and this through Hanif Kureishi’s The Buddha of Suburbia and The Black Album. In these two novels, Kureishi mostly show the great difference between the social realities the Immigrants’ native country and those of the host country, which make social relation and integration very difficult. And the problem of integration also raises the issue of racism which is one of the major obstacles to the social integration of Indian immigrants into English society. Some other obstacles are individualism remains a very serious problem for any Third World immigrant in the Western countries and the organization of the society into different social classes: the high class or the bourgeoisie, the middle class and the working class. This organization of the English society does not favor good relations between English people themselves; let alone between, the British and the immigrants.
Keywords: Social realities, Social relationship, Immigrants, Integration, Cultures, British society.
[1]. Kureishi, Hanif, The Buddha of Suburbia, London, Farber and Farber, 1990
[2]. Kureishi, Hanif, The Black Album, London, Farber, 2000
[3]. Darko, Arma, Beyond The Horizon, (Der Verkaufte Trauman), Germany, Heinemann, 1991
[4]. Kaleta, Keneth, C., Hanif Kureisni: Post colonial Storyteller, Austin, Texas, 1997
[5]. Mc Carron, Kevin 1993, Hanif Kureishi: Counter-cultures and counter-narratives in: Elizabeth Malsen (ed.), 450-459

Paper Title :: Revitalizing Nigerian Education in the Post Covid-19 Pandemic Era
Author Name :: Prof. MKPA Agu MKPA
Country :: Nigeria
Page Number :: 31-39
The COVID-19 pandemic unleashed a devastating blow on every sector of the lives of most nations of the world. Lives were, and have continued to be lost. Economies have been crippled and educational systems have suffered serious setback. This paper examines how the COVID-19 has impacted on the Nigerian Educational system and suggests ways of revitalizing the educational sector. It highlights the loss of study time, challenges of social distancing and other protocols, compromise of quality of education resulting from the rush by teachers to cover lost grounds, the undue exploitation of innocent students by unscrupulous teachers in various ways, inability of some state governments to pay the salaries of teachers resulting in strike actions by teachers, etc. Some positive results of COVID-19 pandemic include such innovative instructional approaches as online teaching and learning via different learning platforms such as WhatsApp, YouTube, Skype, Zoom and other social media platforms flexibility in the use of the classroom for teaching, more research-oriented teaching, etc. The paper recommends the revitalization of the school curriculum content to include the lessons implicit in the COVID-19 experiences, innovative approaches to teaching and learning which were being adopted while the pandemic ravaged the globe, among other things.
Keywords: Post COVID-19 pandemic, Education, Revitalizing education.
[1]. Aisha B. A. (2014): Impact of whatsapp Mobile Learning on the achievement and attitude of female students as compared with face-to-face learning in the classroom. Retrieved from: https://eujournal
[2]. Andriotis, N. (2017): Make your e-learning stick: Tips & Techniques for Learning Retention. Retrieved from: https://www.tallents/
[3]. Ashiyan, Z. E. Selechi, H (2016): Impact of whatsapp on learning and retention of collection knowledge among Iranians EFL learners – Advances in Language Literacy Studies 7(b). Retrieved from: https://www/journals/aiac.all/index/php
[4]. Ayeni, J. O. & Mkpa, M.A (2019): Effects of Whatsapp M-Learning tool on Nigerian Undergraduate’s Achievements and retention of an education course.
[5]. Federal Republic of Nigeria (2014): National Policy of Education (Revised).

Paper Title :: A Escolha do Livro Didático de História
Author Name :: Cássio S. Castanheira
Country :: Brasil
Page Number :: 40-43
Neste trabalho buscamos refletir sobre o processo de escolha dos livros Didáticos para o segundo ciclo do ensino fundamental (6º ao 9º) nas Escolas Estaduais de Bom Sucesso/MG. Analisamos algumas ações desenvolvidas nestas escolas durante o processo de escolha, bem como os sentidos das falas dos professores no momento da seleção destas obras. Percebemos que este aporte pedagógico define a metodologia utilizada, bem como funcionam como um instrumento de controle e previsibilidade servindo mais ao professor do que ao aluno. Acreditamos que a centralidade do livro didático nos dias atuais faz parte de um projeto de homogeneização dos conhecimentos que têm como objetivo substituir o papel do professor oferecendo um “modelo” ideal de textos, atividades didáticas e pedagógicas.
[1]. AMARAL, Ivan Amorosino do. Os fundamentos do ensino de ciência e o livro didático. In FRACALANZA, Hilário: MEGID NETO (orgs). O livro didático de Ciências no BRASIL. Campinas Komedi, 2006
[2]. APPLE, Michel W. Trabalho docente e textos: economia política das relações de classe e de gênero em educação. Porto Alegre: Artes Médicas, 1995.
[3]. BATISTA, Antônio Augusto Gomes. Um objeto variável e instável: textos, impressos e livros didáticos. In ABREU, Márcia (org). Leitura, história e história da leitura. Campinas: Mercado de Letras: ALB, São Paulo: FAPESP, 2000.
[4]. BEZERRA, H. G. Impactos do PNLD (Plano Nacional do Livro Didático) na oferta de livros didáticos, in ANAIS do V Encontro Nacional Perspectivas do Ensino de História: sujeitos, saberes e práticas, Rio de Janeiro, Julho 2004.
[5]. BRASIL, Ministério da Educação, Plano Decenal de Educação para todos (1993-2003). Brasília: MEC, 1993.

Paper Title :: Challenges Faced by Women Single Parents in Nigeria, Implications for Sustainable Development
Author Name :: Dr. (Mrs). Asiyatu Abubakar Bagudo
Country :: Nigeria
Page Number :: 44-49
In Nigerian traditional social set-up marriage is an important gate way for partnership, procreation and raising children. Parenting remains a dual complimentary role for both parents. But currently the wave of modernity, liberation and civilization is fast encroaching and eroding this cultural heritage of corporate partnership in parenting, resulting in single parenthood. This phenomenon has series of implications especially for sustainable development which much earned for globally. This paper highlights causes,effects and implications of women single parenting. Some causes are low regard for marriage and family system, disappointments and failures in marriages, unwanted pregnancies, improve capacity of women, lack of desire for partnership in marriage and feminism. Some of the effects on the woman are psychological, physical, emotional stress, financial burden and social stigma, to child it has negative effects on behavior, performances, stigmatization and long term effect on their life outcomes such as poverty, crime, drug addiction. On the implication, it can leads to disruption of family relationships and affiliations, and the destruction of social structure and impact negatively on sustainable development. The paper suggests the need for wide spread sensitization, enlightenment and counseling on importance of marriage so as to revert the trend through print and electronic media, dramatization talk shows in schools. Counselors and psychotherapists shouldprovide professional help to victims to overcome the challenges. Government should have political will to provide funds for projects and programmes to empower families for sustainable development. The paper concludes the single parenthood in any form and for whatever reason is a menace that does no one any good and everybody must participate in wiping it out by being a responsible partner and helper in raising children for sustainable development.
[1]. Agbo. M. C. (2016). Posthumous Marriage In Igbo Land, Southern Nigeria And Its Effect On Child Development And Education. International Journal Of Psychology And Counseling 8(3).2
[2]. Anderson & Taylor, (2004). Sociology: Understanding A Diverse Society. (3rd Edition), Canada, Thomson Wadsworth.
[3]. Anyanwu.J.C, (2013) Marital Status, House, And Poverty In Nigeria Evidence From 2009/2010 Survey Data. African Development Bank Group, Working Paper no 180
[4]. Azuka-Obieke.U, (2013). Single Parenting Psychological Well Being And Academic Performance Of Adolescence In Lagos, Nigeria. Journal of Emerging Trends In Education.
[5]. Cojer (nd) Single Parent Family on Increased Trend In NigeriaReviewed from

Paper Title :: The Effect of Extensive Reading Instruction on Arab EFL Students' Speaking Skill
Author Name :: Tareq Murad, Alaa Murad
Country :: Israel
Page Number :: 50-59
The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of extensive reading (ER) program on the speaking skills of secondary Arab EFL students in the Negev. The participants were in the eleventh grade and this study lasted eight months or first and second semester of the academic year 2020/2021.
The recent study attempts to answer the question: Is there a significant effect of extensive reading program on improving EFL students' speaking skills.
The participants of the study are 53 students, 26 in the experimental group and 27 in the control. The instruments used in this research are the extensive reading program, speaking skills test and a rubric for evaluating the students speaking skills test. Validity and reliability of the study instrument were obtained.
The findings of the study: Extensive reading instruction(ER) improves students' language skills especially speaking; in addition, this instruction helps learners develop their ability to convey opinions, improving vocabulary enrichment. Moreover, it improves the participants' accuracy and fluency. Finally, Extensive reading contributes to improving grammar skills and develop interpersonal communication. Based on the findings of the study, itis recommended that other researchers conduct additional studies to investigate the effect of extensive reading instructions on the other skills such as writing and listening.
Keywords: ER, Speaking skills, EFL, Instruction
[1]. Abou Baker, A .(1996). Designing an English program to develop the reading and writing skills for university science students in Libya. In Ibrahim, k (2015).The effect of extensive reading on English writing proficiency and attitudes of 10th grade students in Nablus. Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Vol.6. No.2, 2015. Pp. 98 – 109
[2]. Amara, M. &Marai, A. (2002). Language Education Policy: The Arab Minority in Israel.Kluwer Academic Publishers. Boston & London
[3]. Bakir, A. (2004). The effect of extensive reading on English writing proficiency and attitudes of 10th grade students in Nablus. In Ibrahim, k (2015).The effect of extensive reading on English writing proficiency and attitudes of 10th grade students in Nablus. Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Vol.6. No.2, 2015. Pp. 98 – 109
[4]. Beck, I., &MckKeown, M. &MckCaslin, E. (1983).All Contexts Are Not Equal. Elementary School Journal. 83, pp. 177-181
[5]. Benettayeb, A. (2010). Extensive reading and vocabulary teaching. Revue Academique des Etudes Sociales et Humaines, 3, 20- 30.

Paper Title :: The effect of multimedia application on volleyball fundamental skills performance and athletes’ technical and rules knowledge improvement in mini volleyball
Author Name :: Kioumourtzoglou, J., Zetou, E., Antoniou, P., Michalopoulou, M.
Country :: Greece
Page Number :: 60-70
The purpose of this study was to examined the effect of multimedia application on basic volleyball skill performance and learning and also the athletes’ technical and rules knowledge improvement in mini volley. The participants were a total of 121 beginner female volleyball athletes, aged 10-12 years (MO = 10.94, TA = 1.1 and 1-2 years of practice experience (MO = 1.44, TA = 1.4). The participants were randomly divided in two groups, Experimental (Multimedia group EG, n= 63) and Control group (CG -typical training, n=48). The intervention program had 6 weeks duration, with 2 practices per week. For the needs of this study, a multimedia application through an internet site ( was used which had been created for this purpose. The athletes entered the positioning in their free time. The location contained sketches, 3D animations, videos with practice exercises, and presentations for the teaching and learning of the three basic Volleyball skills and their regulations. The typical practice was the traditional practice, in which the coach was demonstrated, gave feedback, and correct the errors. Three quantitative measurements took place for both groups, in the begging, in the end and two weeks after the end of intervention for the evaluation of the retention. The instrument of AAHPERD (1984) for service and of Bartlett, Smith, Davis, and Peel, (1991) for the set and pass were used. In the end of intervention, the questionnaire of knowledge also was used, which consist of questions about the technical elements of skills and about the rules of the game of Volleyball. The results showed that both groups had an improvement but there were no differences between groups in the skills performance and learning. While in the knowledge evaluation of the technique and the rules, the experimental group had significant improvement, in both variables, compared to the control group.
Keywords: multimedia, basic volleyball skills, knowledge in technique and rules
[1]. ΑAHPERD (1984). Skills Test Manual. Association Drive, Reston, VA 22091.
[2]. Abramenko, M. N. (2018). Physical education of students of special medical groups using an interactive training manual for self-employment. Scientific Notes of the University of P. F. Lesgaft, 2 (156), 9-12. (In Russ.)
[3]. Adams, T. M., Kandt, G.K., Throgmartin, D., Waldrop, & Philip B. (1991). Computer-Assisted Instruction vs. Lecture Methods. Physical Educator Indianapolis, Vol. 48, Iss. 3, 149.
[4]. Ashanin V., Filenko L., Pasko V., Tserkovna O., Filenko I., Poltoratskaya A., & Mulyk K. (2018). Implementation practices of the Rugby-5 into the physical education of schoolchildren 12-13 years old using information technology. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 18(2), Art. 112, pp. 762 - 768, DOI:10.7752/jpes.2018.02112
[5]. Baca A. (2005) SpInSy - a web based information system for the sport scientific theory of selected sports. In: Handbook of E-Learning. Eds: Igel C., Daugs R. Schorndorf: Hofmann; 353-371 (In German).

Paper Title :: Check and Bilyet Giro as Debt Guarantee
Author Name :: M. Aldy Harjasatya, Dewi Astutty Mochtar, Diah Aju W.
Country :: Indonesia
Page Number :: 71-75
This check or bilyetgiro is used as collateral which aims to make it easier when there is a default. If a check or bilyetgiro is used as collateral for debt, then for the unpaid debt, the creditor as the holder of the check or bilyetgiro as collateral can make a withdrawal to the bank for the check or bilyetgiro that is used as the object of the guarantee. The formulation of the problem in this study is what is the legal position of checks and bilyetgiro as debt guarantees and how is legal responsibility in terms of using checks and bilyetgiro as debt guarantees. The result of this research is that the position of checks and bilyetgiro is very difficult to be categorized as collateral in the legal guarantee system regulated in the Civil Code, but in the practice of business transactions in the community, these checks and bilyetgiro are used as collateral based on business developments in the community. Against legal responsibility in a criminal context can be held accountable, with the consideration that in the use of bilyetgiro, it is different from the use of checks. By its nature, a bilyetgiro is a “promise to pay”, so when the drawer provides a bilyetgiro to the recipient, in other words, the withdrawer gives his promise to pay the debt within the effective period in accordance with the provisions governing bilyetgiro, which is 70 (seventy) days. When the withdrawer is unable to make a payment, the promise to pay must be settled in a civil manner. The civil settlement is submitted to the local District Court where the location of the defendant (drawer) is based on a breach of promise (wanprestasi).
Keywords: Check, Bilyet Giro, Debt.
[1]. Abdulkadir Muhammad, HukumPerikatan, Citra Aditya Bakti, Bandung, 1990 Bank Indonesia, Mengenal Cekdan Bilyet Giro, Direktorat Akuntingdan Sistem Pembayaran Bank Indonesia, Jakarta, 2011
[2]. C.S.T. Kansil, Pokok-Pokok Pengetahuan Hukum Dagang Indonesia, Sinar Grafika, Jakarta, 2008
[3]. Chidir Ali, Mashudi, Surat Berharga-Cek Wesel dan Giro Bilyet, Mandar Maju, Bandung, 2010
[4]. Julisman, Analisis Hukum Kedudukan Penggunaan Cekdan Bilyet Giro dalam Hubungan Bisnis, USU Law Journal, Vol.5 No.3, Oktober 2019
[5]. Otoritas Jasa Keuangan, Booklet Perbankan Indonesia 2016, Departemen Perizinandan Informasi Perbankan Otoritas Jasa Keuangan, Jakarta, 2016

Paper Title :: The Grammar of Visual Design through the Prism of Australian Aboriginal Paintings
Author Name :: Rumela Ghosh
Country :: India
Page Number :: 76-87
Representation is a process in which the makers of signs, seek to make a representation of some object or entity, whether physical or semiotic, and their interest in the object, at the point of making the representation, is a complexone, arising out of the cultural, social and psychological history of the sign-maker,and focused by the specific context in which the sign is produced. While the Australian Aborigines did not have a written language, they considered that symbolic patterns were significant. Human societies use a variety of modes of representation. Each mode has inherently a different representational potential, a different potential for meaning-making; each mode has a specific social valuation in particular social contexts. But the different modes of representation are not heldseparately, as autonomous domainsin the brain, or as autonomous communicational resources in a culture, nor are theydeployed discretely, either in representation or in communication; rather, they intermeshand interact at all times to result in a cognitive activity. Each mode of representationhas a continuously evolving history, in which its semantic reach can contract or expandor move into different areas as a result of the uses to which it is put. In my paper, I have shown how the eternal and continuous idea of Dreamtime have been reflected by the Australian Aborigines through their paintings, designs, sand paintings, dot paintings, rock carvings and totemic sketches. Thus visual designand language in Australian Aboriginal culture like all semiotic modes — fulfills twomajor functions. Every semiotic fulfills both an ideational function, a function ofrepresenting the world around and inside us and an interpersonal function, a functionof enacting social interactions as social relations.
Keywords: Dreamtime, paintings, semiotic, visual design, culture.
[1]. Bardon, Geoff. ―The Gift That Time Gave :Papunya Tula : Art of the Western Desert‖Ringwood, Penguin, 1991 . [2]. Berndt, Ronald M. Australian Aboriginal art, London : Collier -Macmillan, 1964 . [3]. Berndt, Catherine H. Australian Aboriginal Art : A Visual Perspective, Sydney : Methuen, 1982 . [4]. Caruana, Wally. Windows on the Dreaming : Aboriginal Paintings in the Australian National Gallery, Canberra : Australian National Gallery, Ellsyd Press, 1989 . [5]. Munn, Nancy. WalbiriIconography : Graphic Representation and Cultural Symbolism in a Central Australian Society, Ithaca : Cornell UP, 1973 .

Paper Title :: The Effect of Mindmeister in Teaching English Vocabulary to Young Learner
Author Name :: Nyoman Surya Prawira Putra, Ni Nyoman Padmadewi, Luh Gd. Rahayu Budiarta
Country :: Indonesia
Page Number :: 88-98
This study aims to determine the effect of using Mindmeister implementation on vocabulary development, especially young learners of sixth-grade elementary school students. This study uses document analysis and statistical analysis of students' scores before the application of the Mindmeister application and the scores after the implementation of the Mindmeister application to compare their vocabulary before giving treatment of Mindmeister and after giving treatment of Mindmeister. Teachers, students, and also researchers are participating in this research. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the use of Mindmeister's online learning media had an impact on their vocabulary development during the online English learning process
Keywords: Mindmeister, Online learning, Vocabulary, Young learner
[1]. As’ari, A. (2016). Using mind maps as a teaching and learning tool to promote student engagement. Loquen: English Studies Journal, 10(01), 1-10.
[2]. Coman, C., Țîru, L. G., Meseșan-Schmitz, L., Stanciu, C., & Bularca, M. C. (2020). Online teaching and learning in higher education during the Coronavirus pandemic: Students’ perspective. Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(24), 1–22.
[3]. Gillett-Swan, J. (2017). The challenges of online learning: Supporting and engaging the isolated learner. Journal of Learning Design, 10(1), 20.
[4]. Prayatni, I. (2019). Teaching English for Young Learners. FKIP UMT PRESS
[5]. Sari, S. A., & Sakdiah, H. (2016). The development of mind mapping media in flood material using ADDIE model. Journal of Education and Learning (EduLearn), 10(1), 53-62.

Paper Title :: Food Security and Regulation of Food Security in Samarinda City, Indonesia
Author Name :: Syaharie Ja’ang, Mohammad Ghufron AZ, Kadek Wiwik Indriyanti
Country :: Indonesia
Page Number :: 99-103
Food distribution requires regulation and professional implementation, this is motivated by the decreasing area of agricultural land from year to year, the population is increasing. So it requires the availability of food in large quantities, and the distribution of food evenly. The problem is that the distribution of food in Samarinda City is not optimal. This is due; first; regulations to support the implementation of food affairs in the regions are still lacking, secondly; the availability of food between time and between regions is not evenly distributed, third; the existence of uncertain climatic conditions and frequent occurrence of unexpected disasters (floods, landslides, droughts, earthquakes) which have the potential to cause food insecurity and as a result, food stocks are not evenly distributed in all regions. There are areas that experience a deficit and some are experiencing excess production. Therefore, the problem of food security must be resolved not only with one discipline, but must be solved with multiple disciplines.
Keywords: Food, Regulation and Equity
[1]. Amalia Zuhra, Ketahanan Pangan Dan Tanggung Jawab Negara Saat Konflik Bersenjata: Sebuah Tinjauan Hukum, Vol 1 No. 1 Tahun 2019
[2]. ES.Karsin, Peranan Pangandan Gizidalam Pembangunan dalam Pengantar Pangandan Gizi. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya, 2004
[3]. Jonaedi Efendi dan Johnny Ibrahim, Metode Penelitian HUkum Normatifdan Empiris, Edisi Pertama, Jakarta: Prenadamedia Group, 2016
[4]. Peter Mahmud Marzuki, Penelitian Hukum, Jakarta,: Kencana Prenada, 2010
[5]. Maria Farida Indriati. S, Ilmu Perundang-undangan; Dasar-dasar Dan Pembentukannya, Yogjakarta: Kanisius, 2007

Paper Title :: Working Capital Management and Company’s Performance Analysis at the Consumer Goods Industry in Indonesia
Author Name :: Anggitio Tri Hutomo, Firzitya Nurmanit, Farah Margaretha Leon
Country :: Indonesia
Page Number :: 104-112
This study determine to aims the relationship between working capital management and the performance of consumer goods industry in Indonesia. The sample used in this study were food and beverage manufactured company that are publicly open for investing activity and also listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange for the period 2015-2019. There are 17 food and beverages companies that can be analyzed using purposive sampling. Company’s performance as dependent variable measured using Tobin’s Q, working capital as the independent variable measured using cash conversion cycle (CCC), average collection period (ACP), average payment periode (APP) and inventory conversion period (ICP). Meanwhile, firm size, firm growth, and leverage are used as control variables to clarify the relationship between the two variables. This study used regression panel data method and individual tests. The results of this study show that CCC has a significant negative impact on the company's performance, ACP has a positive impact on the company's performance, ACP has a significant negative impact on the company's performance using Tobin's Q. These findings does not accordance from the expected theory, this is because some of the companies have negative CCC values at their financial reports. This research implies that the manager needs to manage receivables, debt, and inventory as well to increase its demands for investing activity, therefore, increasing the company’s performance. For researchers, it is best to add another measurements of the company's performance such as profitability ratio and asset ratio.
Keywords: Company’s performance, Consumer Goods Industry, Tobin’s Q, Working Capital Management
[1]. Abuzayed, B. (2012). Working capital management and firms’ performance in emerging markets: The case of Jordan. International Journal of Managerial Finance. 8(2), 155–179.
[2]. Arachchi, A. N. H., Perera, W., & Vijayakumaran, R. (2018). The Impact of Working Capital Management on Firm Value: Evidence from a Frontier Market. Asian Journal of Finance & Accounting, 9(2), 399.
[3]. Baños-Caballero, S., García-Teruel, P. J., & Martínez-Solano, P. (2014). Working capital management, corporate performance, and financial constraints. Journal of Business Research. Volume 67 Pages 332-338.
[4]. Dewi, F. E., & Muharam, H. (2018). Manajemen Modal Kerja dan Profitabilitas Perusahaan pada Siklus Bisnis yang Berbeda (Studi kasus perusahaan yang tercatat dalam Bursa Efek Indonesia periode 2007-2010). Diponegoro Journal of Management,7(2),188-199.
[5]. Kademi, T. T., Nasidi, M., & Yakasai, S. M. 2017. Working Capital Management And Firm Profitability During and After the Economic Crisis Among Malaysian Listed Companies. European Journal of Accounting. Auditing and Finance Research, 5(11), 10–20.

Paper Title :: Synthesis of Some Previous Studies on Forward Jobs and Skills Management Practice
Author Name :: Pheniqi Youssef & Mahboub Omar
Country :: Morocco
Page Number :: 113-120
The scope of this paper is to understand the relationship between Human Resource Management (HRM) practices and the organizational performance through exploring both theory and previous research findings of other authors. Special field of our interest is to synthesize the results obtained by some previous studies dealing with the issue of Forward Jobs and Skills Management (FJSM). Therefore, we have selected studies developed in various territorial contexts. Using the N'VIVO software, our synthesis allowed us to note five research topics approached by the literature consulted. Also, we have found that the methodologies adopted in the treatment of each subject differ according to the types of data collected.
Keywords: Forward Jobs and Skills Management – Human Resource Management practices - New Management public – Literature review.
[1]. Adla, L., & Gallego-Roquelaure, V. (2016). La transformation des pratiques de GRH en PME innovantes. @ GRH . 4(21), 47-69. DOI : 10.3917/grh.164.0047
[2]. Alphonse-Tiloy,I,.,Dubroeuq, A-f., (2013). Apports de la démarche contextualiste à l'analyse de l'implantationd'une gestion prévisionnelle des emplois et des compétences dans des ateliers chantiersd'insertion. @GRH. 3 (8), 43-65. DOI: 10.3917/grh.133.0043
[3]. Alonsoa, J-M., Cliftona, J., & Díaz-Fuentes, D. (2015). The impact of New Public Management on efficiency: An analysis of Madrid’s hospitals, Health Policy, 119, 333–340, DOI: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2014.12.001
[4]. Baruel Bencherqui, D., Le Flanchec, A., &Mullenbach, A. (2011). La Gestion Prévisionnelle des Emplois et des Compétences et son effet sur l'employabilité des salariés. Management & Avenir, 8 (48), 14-36. DOI : 10.3917/mav.048.0014
[5]. Bellini, S., (2014). Étude de la genèse de démarches de GPEC. Le cas d’établissements du secteur médicosocial, @GRH 4 (13), 103-126. DOI : 10.3917/grh.144.0103

Paper Title :: Restableciendo Espacios Edentulos Mediante Una Prótesis Parcial Removible En Arcada Inferior
Author Name :: Dra. Luz Elena Nápoles Salas, Dra. Belinda Pérez Santana, Dra. Sabrina del Rosario Pérez Santana, Dra. Olga Rocío Manzo Palomera, Dra. Saralyn López y Taylor, Dra. Ana Bertha Olmedo Sánchez, Dr. Juan Ramón Gómez Sandoval, Dra. Sonia Teresa Camacho Luna, Dr. Ricardo Sosa Pérez, Carlos Alberto Godínez Peña
Country :: México
Page Number :: 121-125
El termino Prostodoncia, usado en Odontología, es una palabra que se refiere a la prótesis aplicada en zonas donde no hay piezas dentarias y cuyo fin es la reconstrucción de la función, ofrecer comodidad al paciente y devolver la estética a una parte del aparato estomatognatico.
La función de una prótesis parcial removible es reemplazar los dientes perdidos y los tejidos orales vecinos por medio de un aparato que el paciente puede remover e insertar a voluntad’’2, una dentadura parcial removible es una prótesis que remplaza dientes en una arcada parcialmente desdentada, y se puede sacar de la boca y volver a colocarse.
Keywords: Prótesis Parcial Removible, Estética, Dientes, Función.
[1]. Ernest Mallat Desplats,Thomas P. Keogh. Prótesis Parcial Removible, Clínica y Laboratorio. Ed.Elsevier España, 1996 pag. 03
[2]. Rendón R. (2004). Prótesis Parcial Removible, Conceptos Actuales Atlás de Diseño. México, DF: Médica Panamericana.
[3]. Carr, A., McGivney, G. and Brown, D. (2006). McCracken prótesis parcial removible. 11th ed. España: Elsevier, pp.8-13.
[4]. Poch J. y cols. (2005). Otorrinolaringología y Patología Cervicofacial . Madrid, España: Ed. Médica Panamericana.

Paper Title :: The Educational Function of the Penalty and Its Applications
Author Name :: Carolina Liblik Macluf, Stephany de Carvalho Teodoro, Greice Patricia Fuller
Country :: Brazil
Page Number :: 126-159
In this scientific research, it will be analysed the pedagogical function of penalty, addressing the theoretical framework of critical criminology, by exploring aspects of the penalty, the offender, prison, and criminal classification to study the effects of the penalty and its consequences, in order to achieve a parameter of the role of the penalty in the current moment in Brazil. The research considered the Brazilian Constitution and the Democratic Rule of Law, emphasizing the importance of the pedagogical function that in daily life ends up being breached in Brazil, since the thought of incarceration is seen as an immediate and definitive solution. Furthermore, the research addresses the fundamental principles and rights under the Constitutional, observing their consequences in the Law and Criminal Procedure, seeking to understand, initially, if the criminal sentences fulfil their pedagogical function in society.
Keywords: Penalty, pedagogical function, crime, resocialization, critical criminology.
[1]. ACHUTTI, Daniel. Justiça Restaurativa e Sistema Penal: contribuições abolicionistas para uma política criminal do encontro.
[2]. ALBERGARIA, José Ronald Vasconcelos de. Reflexões em torno da pena privativa de liberdade - Sua Execução - Apreciação Crítica e Propostas. Disponível em: . Acesso em 09 de março de 2020.
[3]. ALBERGARIA, Jason. Comentários à Lei de Execução Penal. Rio de Janeiro: Aide, 1987, p. 72.
[4]. ANÍTUA, Gabriel Ignacio. História dos pensamentos criminológicos. Tradução Sérgio Lamarão. Rio de Janeiro: Revan: Instituto Carioca de Criminologia, 2008.
[5]. ARGÜELLO, Katie. Do Estado social ao Estado penal: invertendo o discurso da ordem. Disponível em: Acesso em: 08 de fev. 2020.