Volume 04 - Issue 08

Paper Title :: Prevalence of Social Entrepreneurship in Zimbabwe
Author Name :: Estery F. Chinyani || Dennis Nikisi || Desderio Chavunduka
Country :: Zimbabwe
Page Number :: 01-14
Social entrepreneurship is one of the emerging fields in research which has aroused the interest of various researchers. This study sought to determine the prevalence of social entrepreneurship in Zimbabwe. A pragmatist paradigm was adopted and a cross-sectional questionnaire design of all the ten provinces of Zimbabwe was conducted on a sample of 384 respondents. A mixed method approach was used to ensure triangulation. This study aims at increasing the appreciation of the nation's share of social initiatives and influence policy to reflect and refine strategic interventions in stimulating and promoting the incidence of social entrepreneurship.
Keywords: prevalence, social entrepreneurship, poverty alleviation
[1]. Amin, S. 2010. The law of worldwide value. New York: NYU Press.
[2]. Baker, T., Gedajlovic, E., and Lubatkin, M. 2005. "A framework for comparing entrepreneurship processes across nations". Journal of International Business Studies 36 (5): 492–504).
[3]. Bosma, N., and Levie, J. 2009. Global Entrepreneurship Monitor: 2009 Executive Report. Boston, MA: Babson College.
[4]. Bosma, N. S., Schott, T., Terjesen, S. A., and Kew, P. 2016. "Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2015 to 2016: Special report on social entrepreneurship." Global Entrepreneurship Research Association. Accessed May 20 2021
[5]. British Council. 2017. "The state of social enterprise in Ethopia." Accessed May 20 2021

Paper Title :: Effect of a Full Immersive Virtual Reality Intervention on Whole Body Reaction Time in Children
Author Name :: Amprasi, E. || Vernadakis, N. || Zetou, E. || Antoniou, P.
Country :: Greece
Page Number :: 15-20
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of two educational interventions, a program based on Full Immersive Virtual Environment (FIVE) games and a Typical Training (TT) program, in Whole Body Reaction Time (WBRT) of children aged 8-10 years old. Forty-eight female volleyball players of a volleyball club from the city of Komotini, in Greece, participated in this study. They were randomly divided into three individual groups of 16 children each, one Control Group (CG) and two experimental groups (FIVE and TT). The CG did not receive any structured WBRT training program, while the two experimental groups attended a program focused on improving WBRT for 6 weeks, twice a week for 24 min each time. The participants of FIVE group attended a full immersive virtual reality program in Playstation4 VR and the participants of TT group attended a typical training to the court. Before, after and one –month after the interventions WBRT was estimated using the Whole Body Reaction Timer (Takei Instruments), recording the reaction time of 16 attempts (four in each direction). Two-way analyses of variance with repeated measures were conducted to determine the effect of training program groups and measurements across time. Analysis of the data illustrated that the post-test WBRT scores and the one –month retention test SA scores were remarkably greater than pre-test WBRT scores for both experimental groups and not for the CG. In conclusion, FIVE is an effective tool for improving WBRT such as typical training. This research, therefore, will help physical education professionals and coaches to indicate different methods to train WBRT in children.
Keywords: Virtual Reality, Full Immersive, Physical Activities, Whole Body Reaction Time, Children
[1]. Abernethy, B. & Wood, J. (2001). Do generalized visual training programmes for sport really work? An experimental investigation. Journal of Sports Science, 19, 203–222.
[2]. Adam, J. J., & Willberg, R. B. (1986). Rate of visual information processing and the prediction of performance excellence in professional ice-hockey and varsity down –hill skiing. Proceedings of the Canadian society of psychomotor learning and sport psychology.
[3]. Alhadad, S. A., & Aboo, O. G. (2018). Application of Virtual Reality Technology in Sport Skill. International Journal of Academic Management Science Research, 2(12), 31-40.
[4]. Bisson, E., Contant, B., Sveistrup, H., & Lajoie, Y. (2007). Functional balance and dual-task reaction times in older adults are improved by virtual reality and biofeedback training. Cyberpsychology Behavior, 10, 16–23.
[5]. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Paper Title :: A Rationale for Needs-Based Fairness: Impact in an Inclusive Classroom
Author Name :: Kierstin Giunco || Christine Kelly
Country :: USA
Page Number :: 21-26
Emerging from classroom-based action research, this reflective research paper articulates a rationale for needs-based fairness curriculum detailing instructional techniques that increase positive attitude formation towards fairness, self-concept and motivation. A description of this needs-based fairness curriculum is intert-wined with qualitative data to highlight the development of self-concept, attitude formation, and shifts within an inclusive classroom culture. This paper calls for a needs-based fairness curriculum and language, which increas-es acceptance in classroom communities, enactment of solidarity, and respect for the dignity of all people.
Keywords: Inclusion, Disabilities, Curriculum, Classroom-based Research, Fairness
[1]. Anke de Boer, Sip Jan Pijl & Alexander Minnaert (2012) Students‟ Attitudes towards Peers with Disabil-ities: A review of the literature. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 59:4, 379-392.
[2]. Berry, R. A. W. (2008). Novice teachers‟ conceptions of fairness in inclusion classrooms. Teaching and Teacher Education, 24(5), 1149–1159.
[3]. Berry, R. A. W. (2006). Inclusion, power, and community:Teachers and students interpret the language of community in an inclusion classroom. American Educational Research Journal, 43(3), 489–529.
[4]. Bryant, J., & Kulikov, B. (2017). Six dots: a story of young Louis Braille. National Braille Press.
[5]. Daniel, J. & Cooc, N. (2018). Teachers‟ Perceptions of Academic Intrinsic Motivation for Students With Disabilities. The Journal of Special Education, 52(2), 1 - 12.

Paper Title :: Gender-focused analysis in rural agricultural producers in Los Rios, Ecuador
Author Name :: David Gortaire Díaz || Yete Jiménez Vera || Migdalia Díaz Chong || Elma Romero Ramírez || Byron Reasco Garzón
Country :: Ecuador
Page Number :: 27-32
This article aims to explore the producers’ vision about gender in Los Rios rural communities and the access of women to equal resources, services, and products in the agriculture area. A survey was carried using a simple probabilistic sample of 130 producers among men and women inside different agriculture associations. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The study confirms that women and men do not work on similar conditions regarding access to resources, training and extension services, access and property of land and inputs, although there is not a gap between women and men on a socioeconomic level. We highly recommend promoting public policies that could benefit women and promote a gender-neutral policy where decision-makers need to move to address the structural causes of inequalities, starting at theintra-household and community level.
Keywords: Gender; Inequality; Women; Property, Extension services.
[1] FAO, “Glossary On Organic Agriculture,” Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations2, 2009. Glossary On Organic Agriculture%0A (accessed Dec. 31, 2018).
[2] F. C. Galindo-Reyes, A. M. Ciruela-Lorenzo, S. Pérez-Moreno, and S. Pérez-Canto, “Rural indigenous women in Bolivia: A development proposal based on cooperativism,” Womens. Stud. Int. Forum, vol. 59, pp. 58–66, Nov. 2016, doi: 10.1016/J.WSIF.2016.10.003.
[3] J. A. Tambo, M. Matimelo, M. Ndhlovu, F. Mbugua, and N. Phiri, “Gender-differentiated impacts of plant clinics on maize productivity and food security: Evidence from Zambia,” World Dev., vol. 145, p. 105519, Sep. 2021, doi: 10.1016/J.WORLDDEV.2021.105519.
[4] R. Witinok-Huber and S. M. Radil, “Introducing the Local Agricultural Potential Index: An approach to understand local agricultural extension impact for farmer adaptive capacity and gender equity,” World Dev. Perspect., vol. 23, p. 100345, Sep. 2021, doi: 10.1016/J.WDP.2021.100345.
[5] L. O. Bello, G. Danso-Abbeam, L. J. S. Baiyegunhi, and A. A. Ogundeji, “Gender decomposition in smallholder agricultural performance in rural Nigeria,” Sci. African, vol. 13, p. e00875, Sep. 2021, doi: 10.1016/J.SCIAF.2021.E00875.

Paper Title :: Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Stress and Emotional Reactions of Practice Teachers
Author Name :: Vemma Mae R. Guinto || Kimberly B. Inaldo
Country :: Philippines
Page Number :: 33-37
Practice Teaching is one of the highlights in the life of a Pre-Service Teacher. It is a special event where they will experience how to teach a class firsthand. But in light with the current pandemic, the so-called new normal education posted numerous challenges in the whole education sector. This study explored the in-depth perception on COVID-19 issues and how this pandemic affects the stress levels and emotional reactions of Practice Teachers. This study also explored the stress-coping mechanisms and needed support by the Practice Teachers. This helps the school administration and Higher Education Commission in planning appropriate activities for practice teaching. This qualitative study was conducted among the nine (9) Practice Teachers who are conducting their practice teaching in the Laboratory Integrated Schools of Pangasinan State University Bayambang Campus during the Second Semester of Academic Year 2020-2021. Data were collected using a structured interview guide and Focused Group Discussions through Google Meet. The findings were organized into the following themes: Perception of the COVID-19 Issues, Stress Levels During the Pandemic, Emotional Reactions, and Stress Coping Mechanisms. This study reports participants’ challenges in this new normal education. This research sheds light on Practice Teacher’s perspectives and experiences that can inform population-targeted policies in the future.
Keywords: Practice Teaching, New Normal Education, Emotional Reactions, Stress, Coping Mechanism
[1]. Aperribai, L. et. al., (2020). Teacher’s Physical Activity and Mental Health during Lockdown due to the COVID-19 Pandemic. Front. Psychol., 11 November 2020 |
[2]. Bogaert, I., De Martelaer, K., Deforche, B., Clarys, P., and Zinzen, E. (2014). Associations between different types of physical activity and teachers' perceived mental, physical, and work-related health. BMC Public Health 14:534. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-534
[3]. Brinkmann S, Kvale S. (2009). Interviews: learning the craft of qualitative research interviewing. 2nd Ed. Sage, 2009: 354p.
[4]. Colaizzi, P. (1978). Psychological research as the phenomenologist views it. In R. Valle & M. Kings (Eds.), Existential phenomenological alternative for psychology (pp. 48-71). New York: Oxford University Press.
[5]. Commission on Higher Education, Memorandum Order no. 4, s. 2020. Guidelines on the Implementation of Flexible Learning. Retrieved from

Paper Title :: The influence of local conditions and infrastructure on social entrepreneurship in Zimbabwe
Author Name :: Chinyani Estery || Dr. D. Nikisi || Prof. D. Chavhunduka
Country :: Zimbabwe
Page Number :: 38-51
Local and international developments are apparent that local conditions and availability of infrastructure are significant fields that researchers have discovered interestingly in the context of social entrepreneurship and poverty reduction. The significance of these antecedents is critically desirable for the growth of a nation whiledesignating entrepreneurial abilities of a societal confrontation of its tenacioussocial difficulties. The criticality of this study rests on seeking to ascertain the influence of local conditions and infrastructure in ZimbabweA pragmatist paradigm was adopted and a cross-sectional questionnaire design of all the ten provinces of Zimbabwe was conducted on a sample size of 384 respondents. A mixed method approach was used to ensure triangulation. This study aims at increasing is expected to increase the appreciation and knowledge of the nation's share of social initiatives. Once this phenomenon is known, the study is also expected to influence Government policy, Support and Development institutions to reflect and refine their strategic interventions in stimulating and promoting the incidence of social entrepreneurship.
Keywords: social entrepreneurship, poverty, local conditions, infrastructure
[1]. Ajzen I. (1985). From Intentions to Actions: A Theory of Planned Behavior. In: Kuhl, J., Beckmann, J. (eds).Action Control. SSSP Springer Series in Social Psychology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
[2]. Amin, A. (2010). The remainders of race. Theory, culture and society, 27 (1): 1-23.
[3]. Ariani, M. G., and Ghafournia, N. (2016). The relationship between socio-economic status, general language learning outcome, and beliefs about language learning. International Education Studies, 9 (2): 89-98.
[4]. Audretsch, D. B. (2007). ―Entrepreneurship Capital and Economic Growth,‖ Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 23(1), 63-78
[5]. Bird, B. (1988) Implementing entrepreneurial ideas: the case for intention. Academy Management Review, 13: 442-453.

Paper Title :: Research on Translation Problems and Countermeasures of Jiaxing Red Tourism Culture
Author Name :: SHEN Huijia || LI Ting
Country :: China
Page Number :: 52-58
On the occasion of the centenary of the Chinese Communist Party, the importance of Jiaxing’s historical significance is more concerned, and will become an important window for showing China to the world. However, at present, some English translations of Nanhu and Nanhu Revolutionary Memorial Museum in Jiaxing are still non-standard, which is easy to affect the image of China’s foreign publicity. From the perspective of “Chinese culture going out”, this study takes the current situation of red culture translation in red tourist attractions in Jiaxing as the research object, and uses the methods of investigation, big data duplication check and reader interview to analyze the translation problems, that is, the inconsistency between translation names and translation methods, spelling and grammatical errors, political and cultural differences, mistranslation of proper nouns and poor acceptability of translation. At the same time, through visiting the red scenic spot management department and relevant government departments to study the red culture translation supervision policies, and put forward countermeasures and suggestions from the levels of translators, red scenic spots and tourism and culture authorities.
Keywords: red tourism; Jiaxing; culture; Chinese-English translation; translation problems; countermeasures and suggestions
[1]. Xiao, Q. English Translation of Red Tourism Publicity Materials from the Perspective of Functionalism: Problems and Countermeasures, Shanghai International Studies University, Shanghai, 2010.
[2]. Tian, L. “Translation Strategies of Red Tourism Texts in Yan’an,” Journal of Yan’an University (Social Science Edition), pp.23-25, 2016.
[3]. Mao Y.S. &Y. Qian. “An Innovative Interpretation of the Dissemination of Chinese Discourse of Red Culture: From the Perspective of Cultural Pragmatics,” Journal of Zhejiang International Studies University, pp. 33-38, 2020.
[4]. Chen X.W. “Cultural Awareness and Audience Awareness in Foreign Publicity Translation,” Chinese Translation Journal, pp. 95-100, 2013.
[5]. Zhou Y. “English Expression and Dissemination of Anti-Japanese in Red Classics— Reflections by the Discussion on the Translation of Anti-Japanese,” Journal of PLA University of Foreign Languages, pp. 30-34, 2016.

Paper Title :: "Jaque mate" o el golpe de la reina versus la transculturación, la aculturación y la globalización de Los recuerdos del porvenir (1963) de Elena Garro más allá del realismo mágico y su sitial en el "boom" latinoamericano de la narrativa contemporánea del Siglo XX
Author Name :: Iván Segarra—Báez
Country :: Puerto Rico
Page Number :: 59-64
The present work tries to amend the ignorance that may exist about Elena Garro and her transcultural, social and globalized contributions of her novel Los recuerdos del porvenir (1963). The work of the writer Garro has been — in our opinion — moderately known, but it has not been in the top position that corresponds to it by right, and because it is one of the first works where they are presented: transculturation, acculturation and the globalization of Latin America because the modern world has mot had the time to go after its past and object to it. Restoring the forgotten figures of the academic canon is his world. Los recuerdos del ponenir (1963) anticipates the magical realism of CienAños de soledad (1967) by Gabriel García Márquez and other works of the Latin American "bloom", elevating Elena Garro as one of the initiators of the Latin American "bloom" narrative genre. Three predominant structural axes in this novel: the transculturation of the indigenous Mexicans versus the troops of General Francisco Rosas in the Cistero War (1926-1929) in Ixtepec, hidden town in the territory of México;the acculturation of indigenous people through the narratological voice of the novel and the muzzled globalization of Elena Garro's female discourse within the Latin American "bloom" of Latin America.
Keywords: novel, female discourse, transculturation, acculturation, "bloom" and globalization.
[1]. Garro, E. Los recuerdos del porvenir. Editorial Planeta Mexicana, S. A. de C.V. Sello editorial de Joaquín Mortiz, Delegación Miguel Hidalgo, México, D.F., México. Todas las citas de la novela pertenecen a esta edición del 2010., (1963), pp. 286. ISBN: 978-607-07-0520-5
[2]. Gilman, C. Equívocos semánticos sobre transculturación y vacilaciones disciplinarias. Revista del Museo de Antropología 9 (2): 153-160, 2016 / ISSN 1852-060X (impreso) / ISSN 1852-4826 (electrónico). Recuperado de:
[3]. López, D. La guerra cristera (México, 1926-1929) Una aproximación historiográfica. Historiografías, 1 (primavera), (2011), p. 36. ISSN 2174-4289.
[4]. Martínez Aherens, J. (2016). Elena Garro, una escritora contra sí misma: México celebra el centenario del nacimiento de la autodestructiva autora, envés obsesivo de Octavio Paz. Periódico El país, México. 15 de octubre de 2016. Recuperado de:
[5]. Moraña, M. Transculturación y latinoamericanismo. Cuaderno de literatura. Vol. XXI. N.º41 • ENERO-JUNIO (2017) ISSN IMPRESO 0122-8102 - ISSN EN LÍNEA 2346-1691 • PÁGS. pp.153-166.

Paper Title :: Culturally Responsive Formative Assessment: Metaphors, SMARTER Feedback, and Culturally Responsive STEM Education
Author Name :: Jeasik Cho || Mihwa Park
Country :: USA
Page Number :: 65-73
Over the last two decades, discourses relating to educational assessment have mushroomed, especially with the educational community's observation of the proliferation of formative assessment at various levels and contexts. Yet, most of these recent formative assessment discourses have little to no consideration of the cultural factors that may directly influence the level of quality and equity for learning opportunities in education. The purpose of this paper is to conceptualize the notion of a culturally responsive formative assessment through metaphorical understandings that not only illustrate an image of the teacher embracing the professional ethics of continuous improvement but also detail the exploration of culturally SMARTER feedback and introduce a culturally responsive STEM education example. Becoming culturally responsive teachers entails the ability to employ systematic and empathetic aspects in both the formal and informal formative assessment plans they create while giving evidence-seeking efforts that mutually take place between teachers and students with diverse backgrounds.
Keywords: formative assessment, culturally responsive, feedback, STEM, metaphor
[1]. Andrade, H., &Cizek, G. (Eds.). (2010). Handbook of formative assessment. Routledge.
[2]. Black, P., &Wiliam, D. (1998). Assessment and classroom learning. Assessment in Education, 5(1), 7-71.
[3]. Black, P. (2013). Formative and summative aspects of assessment: Theoretical and research foundations in the context of pedagogy. In J. McMillan (Ed.), SAGE handbook of research on classroom assessment (pp. 167-178). SAGE.
[4]. Butler, S., &McMunn, N. (2006). A teacher’s guide to classroom assessment. Jossey-Bass.
[5]. Chappuis, J. (2009). Seven strategies of assessment for learning. Pearson.

Paper Title :: Discursive Materials in Act Language: The Case of Baoule Bulked Funeral Language
Author Name :: BEUSEIZE André-Marie
Country :: Côte d’Ivoire
Page Number :: 74-80
From a structural point of view, the baoule funeral language is presented as a bipolar language: on the one hand, the holder of the word who appears in the eyes of all to be the center of the assembly. On the other hand, the various speakers who exist upstream to construct and to establish the discourse that is configured in the play of the pain of death described by a specific language. This article focuses on the analysis of discourse with a mortuary message to be decoded, both on its form and its enunciative quintessence as well as on its pragmatic aspect which fosters the adhesion of all. its objective is to reflect in order to open up and mobilize the different senses for general understanding. The message circuit of baoule funerary language is anchored in its anthropo-linguistic aspect because its discursive materiality takes shape with turns of speech.
Keywords: Discursive materials, Funeral language, Speakers, Pragmatic aspect.
[1]. BEUSEIZE André-Marie, 2017, « Le discours funéraire baoulé : un cas de polyphonie discursive » dans Lɔŋgbowu, Revue des Lettres, Langues et Sciences de l’Homme et de la Société, n° 3, pp 105- 117.
[2]. BARRY Ousmane Alpha, 2002, Pouvoir du discours et discours du pouvoir. L’art oratoire chez Sékou Touré de 1958 à 1984, Paris, L’Harmattan.
[3]. CHARAUDEAU Patrick, 2008, « Pathos et discours politique », in Rinn M. (coord.), Émotions et discours. L’usage des passions dans la langue, Presses universitaires de Rennes, Rennes, consulté le 25 avril 2021 sur le site de Patrick Charaudeau - Livres, articles, publications. URL:
[4]. CULIOLI Antoine, 1999, Pour une linguistique de renonciation, Domaine notionnel, 3, Paris/Gap, Ophrys.
[5]. DELTEILGérard, (1995), « Rites, lieux de mémoire », dans Études théologiques et religieuses, n070, 229-239.

Paper Title :: The Relationship between Transfer Health Expenditures and Economic Growth in G-20 Countries:Dumitrescu – Hurlin Panel Causality Analysis
Author Name :: Zerife Yildirim
Country :: Turkey
Page Number :: 81-92
The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between Per Capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Transfer Health Expenditures (THE) variables for the period of 2000-2017 in the example of G-20 countries (Germany, USA, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, China, Indonesia, France, South Africa, South Korea, India, UK, Italy, Japan, Canada, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia and Turkey) with the most developed economies in the world. For this purpose, Westerlundcointegration test and Pedroni DOLS long-term coefficients were calculated. Dumitrescu-Hurlin Panel Causality method was used in causality analysis. The cointegration test result shows that the dependent and independent variables do not have a long-term cointegration relationship across the panel. According to the panel DOLS test results, THE coefficient results were mostly significant throughout the panel. According to the Dumirescu-Hurlin Panel Causality test results, bidirectional causality was determined between GDP and THE for the panel as a whole. As a result, for the panel in general, the realizations in Transfer Health Expenditures in the long term provide a positive increase in the Per Capita Gross Domestic Product and thus on the level of personal economic welfare.
Keywords: Transfer Health Expenditures, Economic Growth, G-20 Countries, Dumitrescu-Hurlin Panel Causality.
[1]. Aghion, P., Howitt, P. andMurtin, F. (2010). The Relationship Between Health and Growth: When Lucas Meets Nelson-Phelps. Bruegel Working Paper 2010/04. pp. 1-25. (20.12.2020).
[2]. Ak, R. (2012). The Relationship Between Health Expenditures and Economic Growth: Turkish Case. Int. j. Buss. Mgt. Eco. Res. Vol. 3 (1). pp.404-409. (20.12.2020).
[3]. Alhowaish, A. K. (2014). Healthcare Spending and Economic Growth in Saudi Arabia: A Hranger Causality Approach. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research. Vol 5. Issue 1. pp. 1471-1474. (20.12.2020).
[4]. Altıntas, H. and Mercan, M . (2015). The Relationship between R&D Expenditures and Economic Growth: Panel Cointegration Analysis Under Cross-Section Dependence on OECD Countries. Ankara University SBF Journal. 70 (2). pp. 345-376 . DOI: 10.1501/SBFder_0000002355.
[5]. Amponsah-Nketiah, E. (2009). Public Spending and Economic Growth: Evidence From Ghana (1970-2004). Development Southern Africa. Vol. 26. Issue 3. pp. 477-497. (20.12.02020).

Paper Title :: Role of Self Help Groups (SHGs) to fulfill basic needs of special children
Author Name :: Km Pratima || Khushbu Mishra || Shashi Yadav
Country :: India
Page Number :: 93-96
As a phenomenon, women's inclusion in the development process has arisen. Generally, women must engage in all development activities if national development is purposeful and significant. Women have less access to and right to inherit property than men, education, innovations, records, credit, health care, financial and nutritional services. Inevitably, all these affect women's capacity to open up, develop, exceed and excel. One of the most oppressed people in our society is women. Self-help groups (SHGs) are typically informal groups whose participants share the need for collective action and its significance. Disability is a multi-dimensional and dynamic concept, and there is no single, unproblematic description of disability that is widely recognized. The 58th round (July-December 2002) survey of the National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) announced that 1.8 per cent of the population (18.5 million) had a disability in India. The National Centre for the Development of Jobs for Disabled People (NCPEDP), a leading Indian disability NGO, argues that 5 to 6 per cent of the population is disabled. These facilities are small and are insufficient to meet the current healthcare needs, despite providing centers of excellence in healthcare delivery. Every year, almost one million Indians die due to poor health and nutritional services, and 700 million people do not have access to specialist treatment. As a result, it is essential to consider function self-help Groups (SHGs) to provide children with special needs in the grass-root with high-quality healthcare and nutrition services.
Keywords: SHGs, Quality Healthcare, Nutritional Services and Children with Special Need
[3]. file:///C:/Users/WIN/Desktop/jp%20paper/journal.pone.0202562.pdf

Paper Title :: Philosophical Reconsruction and Metamodernism
Author Name :: Shcherov V.I.
Country :: Russia
Page Number :: 97-100
The article examines the philosophical foundations of the discursive reconstruction method used by metamodernists in the analysis of modern humanities and art. Reconstruction is a multilevel critical strategy that includes many auxiliary concepts such as ―structure of feelings‖, ―metaxis‖, ―authenticity‖ etc.
Keywords: deconstruction, metaxis, metamodernism, postmodernism, reconstruction.
[1]. Van den Akker, R, Vermeulen T. Notes on metamodernism/Journal of Aestetic& Culture.Vol. 2, 2010. Internet site).
[2]. Ж.Бодрийяр, Ж. Система вещей. М., 1999(bookstyle).
[3]. Метамодернизм. Историчность, Аффект и Глубина после постмодернизма / Р. Ван денАккер. М.: РИПОЛ классик, 2019(bookstyle).
[4]. М.Хайдеггер Исток художественного творения .
[5]. Ф. Джеймисон Постмодернизм, или Культурная логика позднего капитализма. М., 2019(bookstyle).

Paper Title :: Greco-Roman educational structure as a model for shaping Nigeria’s basic education system
Author Name :: Babatunde E. Blavo || Muhyideen Olasunkanmi Imam
Country :: Nigeria
Page Number :: 101-107
A nation’s basic education should be organised as a tool for the effective integration of an individual into a society. Through this organisation, the individual can develop national consciousness, achieve self-realisation, strive for social, economic, cultural, and political prosperity, and promote institutional unity. Many writers who are familiar with both the Greco-Roman and the Nigerian educational cultures have remarked on the striking similarities between the two cultures. However, the Nigerian educational formative seems to be devoid of a solid foundational approach probably due to civilisation and absence of quality assurance control and source remembrance in policy formulation.
This paper argues that the Greco-Roman system should form a basis for a solid foundational education. Therefore, the paper compares the educational system in the Greco-Roman and Nigerian societies and emphasises operationalization that are supposedly adapted from the latter to the former.
Keywords: Greco-Roman education, Quintilian philosophy, Rhetor, Nigeria’s basic education.
[1]. Adkins and Adkins, (2005). Handbook to Life in Ancient Greece, New York: Facts on File, Inc. p.37
[2]. Clarke, G. (1896). The Education of Children at Rome. New York: Macmillan.
[3]. Cubberley, E. P. (1920). The history of Education. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.
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