Volume 02 - Issue 12

Paper Title :: A Study on Jammu and Kashmir Present, Past and Views of Students on Article 370 Abrogation
Author Name :: Bilal Ahmad Bhat
Country :: India
Page Number :: 01-11
This paper looks at the issues faced by the students of Kashmir owing to ongoing armed conflict broke out nearly two years after holding of the state elections of 1987, which many believed were blatantly rigged to ensure defeat of candidates of the Muslim United Front so as to facilitate win of NC-Congress candidates. The conflict resulted in killings of more than one lakh people in J&K. The armed conflict resulted in regular curfews, crackdowns, search operations, arrest, torture, rape, custodial killings, and disappearances of youth, firing, pellet shelling and the execution of draconian laws like PSA, AFSPA and POTA which in turn gave birth to different kinds of violation. According to wire service, Kashmir News Observer, in an affidavit filed before the Supreme court of India, the Ministry of Home affairs has revealed that the highest number of incidents of violence were recorded in 1995 and lowest in 2003. In this paper, we chose 400 adolescent students using simple random sampling from Kashmir valley for examining the impact of armed conflict and abrogation of Article 370 on students life. Recently, Government of India bifurcated Jammu and Kashmir state into the Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. A number of writ petitions were filed in Supreme court of India challenging the abrogation of Article 370. The study reveals that issues like joblessness, identity crises, mental stress etc., are all offshoots of violent conflict. The respondents under study in majority were against the abrogation of Article 370 and believed that it will increase the differences between the Government of India and the people of Jammu and Kashmir. The group discussion revealed many painful stories. The people in group discussion revealed that handful of corrupt people who had no sympathy with their mother land or people of the area spoiled the image of Kashmiri people for their personal benefits. The people in power were enjoying life because of their dual policy. The current study was based on Kashmir, it opens a broader debate of the impact of violent conflict on students worldwide.
Keywords: Conflict, Student, Kashmir, Academic Performance, Health, Statistics
[1]. Akbar, M. J. (2002). Clause 7, Article 370 and a Three Nation Theory. In Kashmir: Behind the Vale (First ed., pp. 135-137). New Delhi: Roli Books.
[2]. Asima H (2011). "The cost of conflict, The English Daily Greater Kashmir," Census (2011). "Census Report 2011: Government of India."
[3]. Collier, Paul. 1999. “On the Economic Consequences of Civil War”, Oxford Economic Papers 51: 168-183.
[4]. Dar MA (2011). "Socio-economic problems of youth due to prevailing situation in Kashmir: "A case study of District Pulwama". Dissertation (MSW IGNOU) Unpublished".
[5]. Deutsch MACP (eds.) (2000). The handbook of conflict resolution: Theory and practice. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Paper Title :: A Study on Job Satisfaction, Spirituality and Stress in Academic Institutions of Central Kashmir, Kashmir
Author Name :: Bilal Ahmad Bhat || Sidrat-Ul-Muntaha Anees || Shazia Manzoor || S. N. Z. Geelani || Samira Khan || Asifa Ali || Shaziya Gul || Nusrat || Intizar Ahmad
Country :: India
Page Number :: 12-20
The present study was carried out with the purpose to examine the association between spirituality and stress on one hand; and also stress and job satisfaction on the other hand among workers in central Kashmir of Kashmir valley. The study used a non-experimental research design, over interviewing a total of 400 workers chosen according to convenience of ability to answer the questionnaire in academic institutions of central Kashmir of Kashmir valley. We use five-point Likert scale to measure spirituality, stress and job satisfaction of the respondents. Data collected was analyzed using standard statistical tools like correlation, Mann-Whitney U-test etc. The results of our study revealed that stress was not related to spirituality because spiritual people did not protest when congested with work increasing stress levels of the spiritual. Further, it was observed that stress is negatively linked to job satisfaction. The workers having different levels of spirituality have not the same job satisfaction. The literature on philosophy and theology showed that spirituality has many types which may lead to produce a systematically different human behavior. The results of given sample revealed that the conventional variables such as income, education, age, health and job satisfaction, a particular type of spirituality is a significant predictor of workers job satisfaction. It was recommended that further study on this topic may be conducted using a large sample in order to establish the stress and spirituality relationship.
Keywords: Stress, Spirituality, Job Satisfaction, Workplace, Educational Institutions, Kashmir, Statistics
[1]. Alister E. M, (1999.), Christian spirituality: An introduction- Chapters 1 and 2, (Blackwell Publishers, London)
[2]. Ashfort BE, Pratt MG 2003. Institutionalized spirituality: An oxymoron? In: RA Giacalone, CL Jurkiewicz (Eds.): Handbook of Workplace Spirituality and Organizational Performance. Armonk, NY: ME Sharpe, pp. 93-107.
[3]. Baer RA, Smith GT, Allen KB 2004. Assessment of mindfulness by self-report: The Kentucky inventory of mindfulness skills. Assessment, 11(3): 191- 206.
[4]. Brown KW, Ryan RM 2003. The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(4): 822-848.
[5]. Clark, Andrew and Oswald, Andrew. 1996. Satisfaction and comparison income, Journal of Public Economics, 61, 359-381

Paper Title :: Audiovisual Communication and Stereotype Formation: Homosexuality in Brazilian Television
Author Name :: Pablo de Oliveira Lopes || Paulo Fernando de Souza Campos
Country :: Brazil
Page Number :: 21-26
The field of Discourse Analysis (DA) establishes as object of study the production of meaning effects attributed by social subjects who use language and produce truths. Audiovisual communication can develop a fruitful relationship with AD by problematizing the role of discourses in the production of social identities, because the rhetoric of prejudice is one of several ways of forming consciences and identities. Based on the premises that involve ethical issues in audiovisual communication, this article aims to reflect on the representativeness of gays in Brazilian television. Based on semantics, the partial results allow us to consider that television contributes to the propagation of a distorted image of reality, whose deconstruction reveals representations that value the heteronormative and homophobic social universe.
Keywords: Gay, preconception, television, media.
[1]. M.R.Gregolin, “Análise do discurso e mídia: a (re)produção de identidades,” In Comunicação, mídia e consumo, 4 (11), pp.11-25, 2007.[Online]. Available: [Accessed:Jun. 10, 2017].
[2]. M.L.T.Carneiro, “O discurso da intolerância: fontes para o estudo do racismo,” In Fontes históricas: abordagens e métodos, pp. 21-32, 1996.
[3]. G. Poeschl, J. Venâncio, D. Costa, “Consequências da (não) revelação da homossexualidade e preconceito sexual: o ponto de vista das pessoas homossexuais,”In Psicologia,26(1), 2012.[Online]. Available: [Accessed: Jun. 10, 2017].
[4]. T. C. Mesquita, “O reconhecimento das relações homoafetivas e a possibilidade do casamento,” [Accessed: Jun.10, 2017].
[5]. M.C. Gianna, “Aids: novos e velhos desafios”, Revista Ser Médico, 78, pp.12-15, 2017.

Paper Title :: Representations of Young People from Goiânia: The Discourse of the Media About Them
Author Name :: Gardene Leão de Castro Mendes
Country :: Brasil
Page Number :: 27-34
The objective of this research is to investigate the social representations of young people from Goiânia, through the themes of crime and violence, from the hegemonic media discourse about them.Firstly, we attempted to understand how young people are represented in the newspaper, Daqui,which is the newspaper with the largest circulation in the State of Goias. After an analysis of the news contained in it, using as a theoretical reference the Theory of Social Representations, we sought to understand how young people of different social classes (high, middle and lower), residents of Goiânia, receive, understand and (re)live out their media representations concerning the themes of crime and violence among youth. It was confirmed that young people did not assimilate the media content without criticizing it.
Keywords: Violence; Media; Youth; Social Representations.
[1]. AGAMBEN, G. Homo sacer. O poder soberano e a vida nua. Belo Horizonte: UFMG, 2007. CASSAB, M. A. T. Jovens pobres e o futuro: a construção da subjetividade na instabilidade e incerteza.Niterói: Intertexto, 2001.
[2]. FARIA, M. Representações sociais da violência na juventude goianiense. Goiânia: UFG, 2007. Dissertação (Pós-Graduação em Sociologia) - Programa de Pós-graduação em Sociologia, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2007.
[3]. FRATTARI, N. Discursos e representações do medo da violência na cidade de Goiânia. In: SOUZA, D. (Org.). Violência urbana em Goiás.Práticas e Representações. Goiânia: Cânone Editorial, 2011. p.79-113.
[4]. _________________. Sentimento de Insegurança na Cidade de Goiânia. In: SOUZA, D. (Org.). Violência urbana em Goiás.Práticas e Representações. Goiânia: Cânone Editorial, 2011. p.31-51.
[5]. MISSE, M. Crime, sujeito e sujeição criminal: aspectos de uma contribuição analítica sobre a categoria “bandido”.Lua Nova, São Paulo, 2010.

Paper Title :: Interaction Effect of Gender and Sector on Perceivng the Psychosocial Parameters and Workplace Violence
Author Name :: Dr. Phurailatpam Dinakumari Sharma
Country :: India
Page Number :: 35-43
The world today is going through a wave which is ruthless, restless and has made the younger section of the society suffer from frustration. Globalization has the potentials to transform the workplace into a centre for sexual harassment as satisfaction in workplace has long been associated with some elements of mental health along with the stability of income. Eventually, all pervasive violence breaks out and they remain immune of legal battles. Thus the process of global change results in violence. It has a deep impact on mental health and well being of the people leading to violence and conflict. One gets violent and overpowers to victims when the victim is physically weaker. In the act of violence, people are least aware of the fact that they are committing violence. Both males and females fall prey to this sexual aberration and violence. Therefore, a critical study on violence is required and its awareness is necessary among the people, with this backdrop, the researcher has taken up the present study to understand the interaction effect of gender and sector in perceiving the psychosocial parameters (stress, energy, general health, perceived health, superior support, subordinate level, organization support, work overload, conflict, job demands and CWB) and workplace violence dimensions (bullying, actively hostile behaviour, illegitimate pressure, humiliation and discrimination & sexual harassment) among employees belonging to four different organizations. The findings of the study revealed that both males and females do differ significantly in perceiving psychosocial parameters at their workplaces.
Keywords: Globalization, sexual harassment, discrimination, gender, stress
[1]. Aftaab & Javeed (2012), The Impact of Job Stress on the Counterproductive Work Behaviour. A Case Study from the Financial Sector of Pakistan, Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, Lahore, Vol. 4,No. 7, pp 590-602
[2]. Alterman, Luckhaupt, Dahlamer, Ward & Calvert (2013), Job Insecurity, Work-Family Balance and Hostile Work Environment: Prevalence Data from The 2010 National Health Interview Survey, American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Vol.56 (6).pp 660-669
[3]. Cortina, Magley, Williams & Langhout (2001),Incivility in the Workplace, Incidence and Impact, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, Vol.6, No. 1, pp 64-80
[4]. Frank M. Gyra (2004), Work Overload! Redesigning Jobs To Minimize Stress And Burnout, American Society for quality, Quality Press, Milwaukee, United States Of American. Retrieved from.
[5]. Johnson & Limscomb (2006), Long Working Hours, Occupational Health and Changing Nature of Work Organization, American Journal of Industrial Medicine Vol. 49, pp 921-929

Paper Title :: The Associations of Popular Culture for Elderly People
Author Name :: Osvaldo Daniel dos Santos Pinheiro || Débora Regina Czupriniaki
Country :: Brazil
Page Number :: 44-48
The present work presents the theoretical framework about the old age and aging, provoking the cultural consumption of the elderly. From this, we seek theoretical references that involve culture, in the bias of popular culture for local development. This is because it is believed that knowing the local culture is important to stimulate the growth of the region, as well as instigate the people who belong or not to that locality to know the cultural practices. The target audience in this work involves the elderly.
Keywords: Elderly; popular culture; local development.
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[3]. BEZERRA, J.; BARBALHO, A. As culturas populares nas políticas culturais: Uma disputa de sentidos. PragMatrizes. São Paulo, v. 5, n. 8, out/2014 mar/2015, p. 67-81. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 11 ago. 2018.
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[5]. CANCLINI, N. G. A Globalização Imaginada. São Paulo: Ed. Iluminuras, 2007.

Paper Title :: The Influence of Organizational Climate and Empowerment of Organizational Performance with Motivation as an InterveningVariableIn Human Resources Education and Training Center Ministry of Manpower
Author Name :: Heru Utami || Suharto || Harry Indratjahjo
Country :: Indonesia
Page Number :: 49-55
This study aims to determine the effect of organizational climate and empowerment on organizational performance, the influence of organizational climate on organizational performance, the effect of empowerment on organizational performance, the influence of motivation on organizational performance and organizational climate and empowerment on organizational performance through motivation. The study was conducted at the HR education and training center at the Jakarta's ministry of labor. Sampling using a random sampling involving 75 employees. Data analysis uses path analysis. Based on data analysis, it is known that organizational climate and empowerment variables affect organizational performance, organizational climate influences organizational performance, motivation influences organizational performance, organizational climate and empowerment influences organizational performance through motivation.
Keywords: organizational climate, empowerment, motivation, organizational performance
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[3]. Ahmed, Z., Sabir, S., Rehman., Khosa., & Khan, A. (2016). The impact of emotional intelligence on employee's performance in public and private higher educational institutions of Pakistan. IOSR Journal of Business and Management, 18, 63-71. 20 November 2017.
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[5]. Al-Syafe’i, Rika. 2011. Pengaruh Gaji, Tunjangan, Karier, Fasilitsas Kerja Terhadap Kepuasan Kinerja Karyawan. Skripsi. Banten.

Paper Title :: The Influence of Emotional Intelligence and Integrity on Organizational Performance Through Organizational Commitments in BNP2TKI
Author Name :: Firman G Mokoginta || Akhmad Sodikin || Guswandi
Country :: Indonesia
Page Number :: 56-61
This study aims to determine the effect of emotional intelligence and integrity on organizational performance simultaneously, determine the effect of emotional intelligence on organizational performance partially, determine the effect of integrity on organizational performance partially, determine the effect of organizational commitment partially on organizational performance, determine the effect of emotional intelligence on performance through organizational commitment and determine the effect of integrity on organizational performance through organizational commitment variables. The study was conducted at the BNP2TKI organization. Sampling using saturated samples involving 88 employees in all parts of the organization. Data analysis uses path analysis. The results showed that the variables of emotional intelligence and integrity affect organizational performance simultaneously. The variable of emotional intelligence affects partially organizational performance. Integrity variables affect organizational performance partially. Organizational commitment variables affect organizational performance partially. Emotional intelligence and integrity affect organizational performance through organizational commitment.
Keywords: emotional intelligence, integrity, organizational commitment, organizational performance
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[4]. Goleman, Daniel. 2009. Kecerdasan Emosional :Mengapa EI lebihpentingdaripada IQ. Jakarta : PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
[5]. Kreitnerdan Kinicki, 2015, Organizational Behavior . 8 th Edition. Boston: McGraw-Hill.

Paper Title :: Library online databases quality among academic members in Malaysia
Author Name :: Adlina Abdullah || Prof. Dr. Roslina Othman || Dr. Mohd. Izzudin Mohd Tamrin
Country :: Malaysia
Page Number :: 62-67
Library online databases’ quality has long been debated in the literature. However, only a few studies has touched specifically on the quality of library online databases among academicians in Malaysia. The major objective of this research is to evaluate the quality of library online databases. This study used survey questionnaire to collect the data. SPSS was used to analyze the data. The results showed that the library online databases’ quality are important and impact the academicians in their work.
Keywords: Library online databases, information quality, system quality, service quality.
[1]. Cheung, C. M. K., & Lee, M. K. O. (2011). Antecedents and Consequences of User Satisfaction with an e-Learning Portal. International Journal of Digital Society, 2(1), 373–380.
[2]. Delone, W., & McLean, E. (2003). The Delone and Mclean model of information systems success: a ten-year update. Journal of Management Information Systems, 19(4), 9–30.
[3]. Egberongbe, H. S. (2011). The Use and Impact of Electronic Resources at the University of Lagos. Library Philosophy and Practice.
[4]. Fosso Wamba, S., Akter, S., Trinchera, L., & De Bourmont, M. (2018). Turning information quality into firm performance in the big data economy. Management Decision.
[5]. Karim, N. S. A., & Hazmi, N. R. (2005). Assessing islamic information quality on the internet: a case of information about hadith. Malaysian Journal of Library & Information Science, 10(2), 51–66.

Paper Title :: The French Tales: On Christmas crèches in town halls
Author Name :: JUDr. Andrea Hrebickova
Country :: Czech Republic
Page Number :: 68-73
The following article deals with the French principle of laicity in relation to Christmas celebrations. Specifically, there are two cases decided by the French State Council, in which the town halls were forced to remove the exposed Christmas crèches. The article provides an analysis of both cases and points out the possible consequences of this case law in the future. The introductory part also deals with the relevant national legislation, especially the law whilst dealing with the separation of the church and state. At the same time, the article points to other possible problems that arise with the depiction of religious symbols. The contribution also discusses whether there is a possibility to see religious symbols in other Christmas decorations and to which consequences this perception may lead.
[1] M. FROMONT, “La Liberté Religieuse et le Principe de Laïcité en France,” Universal Rights in a World of Diversity, The Case of Religious Freedom, Acta 17, 2012, p. 307
[2] Premier Ministre, “La Laïcité Aujourd´hui: Node d´orientation de l´Observatoire de la laïcité,” Observatoire de la laïcité, 2014, p. 5
[3] Included in Article 2 of the Constitution of 4 October 1958
[4] M. FROMONT, “La Liberté Religieuse et le Principe de Laïcité en France” Universal Rights in a World of Diversity, The Case of Religious Freedom, Acta 17, 2012, p. 310
[5] Law of 9th December 1905 on the separation of church and state. Available on

Paper Title :: Realistic Approach and Its Effect with Special Reference to Such a Long Journey
Author Name :: Jitendra Kumar Yadav
Country :: India
Page Number :: 74-75
Rohinton Mistry is a Canadian Parsi writer who was born in India and migrated to Canada in 1975,he has written several masterpieces that are read worldwide. Mistry focuses on fiction mainly, his first novel Such A Long Journey was shortlisted fo prestigious Booker Prize. It is a story of Parsi family living in Mumbai during the early 1970s of India which was marred by Indian political turmoil.
Keywords: Zoroarstrianism, Parsis, Identity, Diaspora, Expatriate , Humanism
[1]. Mistry, Rohinton. Such a Long Journey. London :Faber and Faber, 1991
[2]. Bharucha, Nilufer. Rohinton Mistry :Ethnic Enclosures and Transcultural Spaces. New Delhi :Rawat Publications, 2003.
[3]. Selvam, P. Humanism in the Novels of Rohinton Mistry. Creative Books, 2004
[4]. Batra,Jagdish. Rohinton Mistry :Identity, Values and Other Sociological Concerns. Prestige Books, 2008

Paper Title :: Assessment of intensive reading as a bridge in comprehension and learning of English as a foreign language
Author Name :: YajairaNatali Padilla || José Luis Andrade || Jazmina Mena
Country :: Ecuador
Page Number :: 76-82
In the educational scenario, reading is the first cognitive tool that allows the teacher to research, develop and adapt teaching techniques and strategies for the attention of groups of students at a certain moment. It is currently recognized the importance of intensive reading as a vertical axis in the new curricular designs in the teaching of the English language, and it constitutes a construct that must be deepened in the light of the most recent progress in the field of Didactics. This research aims to assess the relationship of intensive reading between the comprehension and learning of English as a foreign language. The results are expected to contribute to the coherence of the teacher's actions and to the development of educational practices that contribute to the shaping of a renewed thinking and strengthen the development of intensive reading as a strategy of English language learning in the class.
Keywords: intensive reading, learning, reading, teaching English, English as a foreign language.
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[2]. Arellano, C., Calvo, G., Collado, A., Valeria Gracciano, V. (2015). Las Estrategias de Lectura en la Clase de Inglés como Lengua Extranjera. Revista Digital Palabra, 4 , 4-12.
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[5]. Delmastro, A.L., y Balada, E. (2012). Modelo y Estrategias para la Promoción del Pensamiento Crítico en el Aula de Lenguas Extranjeras Synergies Venezuela (7), 25-37.

Paper Title :: The Anti-Electrostatic Fields of the Atom - A New Microcosmos Reality -
a knowledge that will change the perception of the universe
Author Name :: Prof. asst. Dr. Hajdin Abazi
Country :: Kosovo
Page Number :: 83-92
The discovery of the antimagnetic field was not the end, but the beginning of a chain of new insights into the unknown structure of the universe by Naim Krasniqi. His innovative work with magnetic motors, displaying unique and previously unthinkable problems, had inevitably caused him to become preoccupied with the atom. Since existing knowledge was deficient for his innovative project, he was forced to have an in-depth understanding of the structure of the atom and the domains within it. Such study work made him discover both the anti-electrostatic field in the proton and the anti-electrostatic field in the electron, discoveries that made him see, understand, and otherwise explain the reality of the micro-universe. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to present these discoveries of the aforementioned new fields in the atom, following the combined narrative, theoretical, and explicative form.
Keywords: the antimagnetic field, atom, electron, proton, neutron, the anti-electrostatic field of proton, the anti-electrostatic field of electron.
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[3]. Chadwick, J. 1933. “Bakerian Lecture. The Neutron”. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Containing Papers of a Mathematical and Physical Character, Volume 142, Issue 846, pp. 1-25.
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Paper Title :: Coining of Words in Manipuri
Author Name :: Mayengbam Bidyarani Devi
Country :: India
Page Number :: 93-99
The present paper contributes to the study of Coining of words in Manipuri, a Tibeto-Burman language. Coining of words in Manipuri is the creation or invention of new words or phrases in which they are formed for a new semantic representation. This creation of new words helps a language to develop new technologies. Manipuri has a good numbers of coined words in their lexicon. Most of the coined words seem to have been created to fill a lexical gap for new objects that were introduced to Manipuri speakers. Coining of words is mostly found in local daily newspapers, journals, literature, media and day today conversation. The best way to coin a new word in Manipuri is to describe an object or a phenomenon. New coin words which are predominantly reflect the social, political, economical and cultural changes. Most of coined words in Manipuri are in the field of literature and conversations. Many of the coined words exist for a long time while some of them survive only for a short period. Coining of words will enrich the lexical development in Manipuri.
Keywords: Coining, social, cultural, vocabulary and lexical
[1]. Bidyarani Mayengbam (2011), Manipuri Verbs, LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing GmbH & Co. KG.
[2]. Crystal, D. (1985), A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
[3]. Haugen, Einar. (1953). The Norwegian Language in America: a study in bilingual behavior. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
[4]. Hudson, G. (2000), Essential Introductory Linguistics. Oxford Blackwell.
[5]. Nigel Herris. (1990). National Liberation,I.B. Tauris and Co.Ltd. London.

Paper Title :: Effect of Guided Discovery Teaching Technique on Students’ Academic Achievement in Machine shop Practice in Rivers State Universities
Author Name :: Obed, O.O || T. M. Deebom
Country :: Nigeria
Page Number :: 100-109
The study investigated the effect of guided discovery teaching technique on students’ academic achievement in machine shop practice in Rivers State Universities. Two research questions and corresponding hypotheses guided the study. Quasi-experimental design, specifically, the non-randomized control group design involving two intact classes were used. The population was all students of Mechanical/Metal Work Technology while stratified random sampling technique was used to select 53 final year students of Mechanical/Metal Work Technology of Rivers State Universities. Metal-Work Performance Test (MWPT) instrument was developed, validated and used for data collection. Reliability of the instrument was 0.85. Mean and standard deviation were used to analyze data collected in respect to the research questions while ANCOVA was used to test the null hypotheses. Findings of the study revealed that guided discovery teaching technique has significant effect on student’s achievement in drilling and turning operation. This is evident in the mean achievement of students taught with the guided discovery teaching technique in drilling and turning operation x = 31.85 and 33.32. While students taught with conventional teaching technique had a mean achievement of x = 24.75 and 25.58. It implies that from the findings, that there is need for teachers of machine shop practice to employ the use of guided discovery teaching technique in teaching as it proves more effective in improving student’s achievement in drilling and turning operation. It is recommended that lecturers of Mechanical/Metal Work in Rivers State Universities should be given on-the-job training opportunities such as short-term courses, seminars and workshop to enable them update their knowledge; this will help them to constantly keep abreast with the ever-changing scientific knowledge and various modern methods of teaching technology subjects.
Keywords: Guided Discovery, Teaching Technique, Students’ Achievement, Drilling and Turning Operations.
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[3]. Akinbobola, A. O. & Afolabi, F. (2010). Constructivist Practices through Guided Discovery Approach: The Effect of Students’ Cognitive Achievement in Nigerian Senior Secondary School Physics. Eurasian Journal of Physics and Chemistry Education, 2(4), 16–25
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[5]. Amadi, S.W., Orlu, I. & Obed, O.O. (2015). Effect of Inquiry-Based Teaching Technique on Students’ Performance in Lathe Machine Operation. International Journal of Entrepreneurship Development Education and Science Research, 3 (2), 1-12

Paper Title :: Ethical Imperative of Protecting Cultural Diversity
Author Name :: Berezinska O.
Country :: Ukraine
Page Number :: 110-113
The object of our research is the Odessa region as a multidimensional phenomenon. Consideration of his as a socio-cultural formation is an imperative, which is based on the principles of dialogue. We will present the Odessa region as a model of the relationship and interaction between cultures. More than a hundred nationalities is living on its territory. Each nation has left its distinctive mark in the historical appearance of the city. Unified state policy in the sphere of culture and art is realized in the Odessa area for the purpose of cultural development. It creates favorable conditions for the development of ethnic, linguistic and cultural identity of the people living in the area.
Keywords: intercultural dialogue, sociocultural formation, model of the relationship, state policy in the sphere of culture and art, cultural development.
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Paper Title :: Lifestyle of Student Celebrities (Phenomenology Study of Hedonistic Lifestyle and Public Relations of Celebrity Students of Universitas Brawijaya Malang and Factors Affecting)
Author Name :: Ni’matuz Zuhroh || Darsono Wisadirana || Sanggar Kanto || Mardiyono Mardiyono || M Chairul Basrun Umanailo
Country :: Indonesia
Page Number :: 114-119
The phenomenon of Malang Brawijaya University students becoming many celebrity students, namely students whose duties besides studying at tertiary institutions also work as celebrities such as models, singers, endorsements, celebrities etc. This study aims to find out how the lifestyle of Malang University of Celebrity Students, the causes and impacts. This study uses a qualitative phenomenological approach that is described descriptively with data sources consisting of University of Brawijaya Malang celebrity students who have a Hedonist lifestyle and Public Relations. Data collection techniques in this study were observation, interviews, and documentation. The subject selection technique used was purposive sampling and snowball technique. The research subjects were 10 celebrity students from various faculties at Brawijaya University Malang. The validity of the data in this study uses source triangulation techniques, and data analysis uses Milles and Hubberman's interactive analysis. The results of this study indicate that the first celebrity students of Brawijaya University of Malang tend to behave in a hedonist lifestyle which is interpreted as a tendency for a luxurious lifestyle, full of fun for example by compulsively shopping with a high enough frequency. Malang University of Malang celebrity students who live in a hedonist lifestyle spend a lot of time shopping as a reliever of boredom, glamor, as a separate satisfaction and associate more with people who share the same hobby in many ways. Shopping becomes a picture of consumptive behavior that is difficult to change. Factors that cause the hedonic lifestyle of UB Malang Celebrity students include: (1) luxury lifestyle, (2) the influence of the family, (3) advertising, (4) following the trend, (5) the number of shopping centers , (6) the influence of social environment. The second lifestyle of public relations means cutting-edge thinking in the world of promotion to the conclusion that in celebrity-based, celebrities help in the formation of the identity of contemporary consumers. In consumer culture, identity is the backrest of the "fashion accessory". The face of the new generation is known as the new generation that is known as the children of the next generation. Which is more thought to be formed through the identity inspired by celebrities, the way they surf in cyberspace (the internet), the way they change clothes for the streets. This means that celebrities and their image are used for moments to help consumers in the identity parade.
Keywords: Hedonist Lifestyle, Public Relations Lifestyle, Celebrity Student.
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