Volume 01 - Issue 09

Paper Title :: Improving Working Conditions of African and Asian Women Migrant Domestic Workers: Gulf Co-operation Council States
Author Name :: Stephen James || Fredrick Alleni Mfinanga || Rofina Mrosso
Country :: Tanzania
Page Number :: 01-09
There are many African and Asian women migrant domestic workers working under exploitative and abusive labour conditions in Gulf Cooperation Council States. The objective was to examine options to improve working conditions of such workers in member states as a whole. Using desk review and in-depth interview of a Tanzanian domestic worker returnee from Oman, the article found options related to legal, cultural and policy change. Many were unilateral options by respective states consisting of ratification of international labour convention for domestic workers, extend national labor coverage to domestic workers, reform Kafala sponsorship system and conduct labour inspections in informal sector. Some were to be undertaken through collaboration by destinations and origins and covered signing of bilateral or multilateral labour protection agreements and initiating harmonized regulations of private recruitment agencies in both sides. Other options were to be exclusively adopted by sending countries and related to embassies extension of optimal support to migrant domestic workers and adopting policies which removed the decent work deficits in sending countries to prevent labour migration towards hazardous labour. Recommendations were also provided.
[1]. AFP Global News Agency. (2014). Gulf States Agree New Contract for Domestic Workers Ahead of Asia Meeting. Retrieved 26/12/2017
[2]. Agunias.D.R. (2012).Regulating Private Recruitment in the Asia-Middle East Labour Migration Corridor.International Organization for Migration. p. 1
[3]. Alai.R. (2014).Kenyan Working in Saud Arabia Record Video Appealing for Help Viewed on 20th , December/ 2017
[4]. Al-Saud.M. (2017).Race and Exploitation in the Gulf.pdf. Retrieved 26/12/2017
[5]. Americans for Democracy & Human Rights. (2014). Slaving Away: Migrant Labour Exploitation and Human Trafficking in the Gulf. Washington. p. 50

Paper Title :: Assessing the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among Food Handler towards Effective Waste Management System in Bandar PuncakAlam, Selangor, Malaysia
Author Name :: NorhidayahAbdullah || Norhayati Mat Yusof || ArniAbd Gani || Rosmaliza Mohammad || Noriza Ishak
Country :: Malaysia
Page Number :: 10-15
A survey by using closed ended questionnaire was conducted to capture the knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAPs) on waste management system from a total of 210 food handlers at PuncakAlam, Selangor. Food handler had average mean of 3.79for knowledge and attitude (3.66) on waste management matter and mean score of 3.29 for practice. The results showed that food handler strongly aware to properly throw waste in the restaurant even though not many of them attended talk or seminar on handling proper waste management. Food handlers also strongly agree that conducting proper waste disposal is a responsibility of every workers and disagree that when there is not much waste generated by restaurant, there is no need to frequently throw the waste. In practice, food handler always washed their hands after handling waste before continue to do work and did not composed waste from restaurants in the river as showed by the lowest mean score obtained. Thus it can be conclude that food handler not only knowledgeable in term of proper way to dispose but also showed positive attitude towards its as depicted by proper waste management system implemented.
[1]. P. B. Reyes and M. V. Furto, "Greening of the solid waste management in Batangas City. ," Journal of Energy Technologies and Policy, vol. 3, pp. 187-194., 2013.
[2]. S. Shewasinad, T. Daniel, H. Abebe, N. Tsegaye, and T. Abera, "Assessment of Knowledge Attitude and Practice towards Solid and Liquid Waste Management among Addis and KometaKebele Community Mizan-Aman Town, Bench – Maji Zone, Snnpr, South Waste Ethiopia," Biomedical Journal Science & Technology Research,, vol. 1, pp. 1-9, 2017.
[3]. C. D. Licy, R. Vivek, K. Saritha, T. K. Anies, and C. T. Josphina, "Awareness, attitude, and practice of school students towards household waste management," Journal of Environment, vol. 2, pp. 147-150, 2013.
[4]. D. O. U. Adogu, K. A. Uwakwe, N. B. Egenti, A. P. Okwuoha, and I. B. Nkwocha, "Assessment of waste management practices among residents of Oweri Municipal IMO State Nigeri.," Journal of Environmental Protection, vol. 6, pp. 446-456, 2015.
[5]. S. N. Uchegbu, Environmental management and protection vol. 2: Enugu: Spot life publishers, 2002.

Paper Title :: Education as the Institutional Means Towards Postmaterialism
Author Name :: Kevin Nobel Kurniawan
Country :: Indonesia
Page Number :: 16-28
This article describes education as the institutionalmeans which directs the society towards Postmaterialism. Various studies on multiculturalism have agreed that democratic value is insufficient without welfare policies, the rise of religious intolerance is related with the widening of social gap in Indonesia. Secondary data on national statistics, surveys, and literature reviews are utilizedto describe the accessibility and quality of education as related toPostmaterialism. Between the year 2005 and 2015, the author found in general the state has provided a wider access of education, but there is still a consistent low continuation rate because of poverty which impedes students to achieve higher education. On the other hand, the quality of education has encountered ideological tensions between intercultural values and Islamisation which happen to exist parallelly in the Reformation period; hencethe potential for social disharmony and nationalism are still open todebate. The author suggests that the state should provide sustainable access towards higher education, both on secondary and tertiary level, and to provide monitoring and evaluative process on the pedagogical approach within public schools.
[1]. Abdurakhman. (2013). Gerakan Tarbiyah 1980-2010: Respon Ormas Islam Terhadap Gerakan Islam Transnasional. Universitas Indonesia.
[2]. Almagor, R, C. "Democracy and Multiculturalism". Ed. Cohen-Almagor. (2000). Challenges to Democracy: Essays in Honour and Memory of Isaiah Berlin. London: Ashgate, Publishing Ltd. Pages 89-107.
[3]. Andersen, Robert, & Fetner, Tina. (2008). Economic Inequality and Intolerance: Attitudes towards Homosexuality in 35 Democracies. American Journal of Political Science.
[4]. Arifianto, A, R. (2016). Addressing Religious Intolerance in Indonesia. RSIS Commentary.
[5]. Bowen, John R. (2010). Religious Discrimination and Religious Governance Across Secular and

Paper Title :: Automotive Manufacturing Industry & the Increase of Labour Cost in Developing Country: A Sociological Analysis on the Impact of Neoliberalism towards Automotive Industry Pt. Yamaha Manufacturing Indonesia
Author Name :: Kevin Nobel Kurniawan
Country :: Indonesia
Page Number :: 29-33
This article focuses on the effect of Neoliberalism towards the relation between the state and corporate. Between the year 1970-1980’s, capitalism and free trade has produced modernized economic atmosphere and economic growth in Indonesia’s New Order period. The Yamaha Manufacturing Industry, a Japanese firm, is one concrete manifestation of the foreign economic apparatus that has not only provide infrastructural needs but has also boosted the Indonesia’s economy. However, the Neoliberalist approach to economic growth may not always provide a balanced social-economic development. The free market tendency to pursue profit accumulation, in return, has indirectly caused the continual rise of wage cost. Social security is not covered completely by the state, and the corporate on the other hand, has become the receiving party to cover the Non-Wage cost.
[1]. Allen, Emma R. 2016. Analysis of Trends and Challenges in the Indonesian Labor Market. Asian Development Bank
[2]. Azemar, C, Desbordes, R. 2009. Who Ultimately Bear the Greater Non-Wage Labour Costs. London - ETPF Conference
[3]. Cusumano, Michael. 2007. Product, Process, and Service: A New Industry Lifecycle Model. MIT Sloan School of Management.
[4]. Elias, S, Noone, C. 2011. The Growth and Development of Indonesian Economy. Reserve Bank of Australia
[5]. Gecevska, Valentina. 2010. Product Lifecycle Management through Innovative and Competitive Business Environment. Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management

Paper Title :: Adaptation Methods of Official Buildings for Disabled People in Iran
Author Name :: Sholeh Nozari || Mehran Alalhesabi
Country :: Iran
Page Number :: 34-43
People with physical and movement disabilities must be able to fulfil their own requirements through barrier-free access to official buildings. Adaptation of official buildings and up-grading of accessibility situations is now considered as the most important priority in building improvement projects. The official buildings must be gradually adapted according to the requirements of disabled people. Adaptation is defined as removing the existing physical, architectural and traffic barriers in the spaces and also to improve the environment in a way that all people can move freely and safely in the environment. The present paper is carried out the results of a research project "Adaptation Methods of Official Buildings for People with Physical and Movement Disabilities". The project is accomplished in Building and Housing Research Center (BHRC), which is based on field surveys, literature studies, and participant observation. The basic approach is to search for the building obstacles that cause barriers for disabled people. In another words, due to expectations from existing official buildings, the problems and shortages facing visitors are identified. Some official buildings which are visited by many people every day are selected for field studies. This part of project was done by asking the disabled to fill up questionnaires about their accessibility problems. The main objective of this paper is adaptation and organization of the present situation of official buildings for all, specially disabled people. Consequently, these groups of people would be able to obtain a reasonable rate of social independence.
[1]. Nozari Sh. Rafizadeh N. (2009) "Adaptation Methods of Official Buildings for People with Physical and Movement Disabilities", Building and Housing Research Center, Tehran, Iran.
[2]. Technical Committee (1999) "Design Criteria for Handicapped", 2nd.Editition, Building and Housing Research Center, Tehran, Iran.
[3]. Ghaem G. (1991) "Public Buildings and the Handicapped", Building and Housing Research Center, Tehran, Iran.
[4]. Hanson L. and Others (1983) "Designing with care, A Guide to Adaptation of the Built Environment for Disabled Persons", Swedish International Development Authority, UN, New York, USA.
[5]. Nozari Sh. Rafizadeh N.(2004) "Design Guidelines for Neighbourhood Open Spaces Used by Elderly", Building and Housing Research Center, Tehran, Iran.0

Paper Title :: Adoption of Cloud Computing By Small and Medium Enterprises in Nairobi County, Kenya
Author Name :: Amos Wachanga Wambugu || Joshua Rumo Ndiege
Country :: Kenya
Page Number :: 44-50
Small and medium enterprises(SMEs) face numerous challenges in identification, setting up and making use of information technology(IT)as an enabler for business. Cloud computing could solve this problem by offering ready and low cost of entry IT solutions. Adoption of cloud computing among SMEs in developing countries is, however, low due to a number of barriers such as the investment capital required for setting up and maintaining ICT. This study attempts to investigate the level of cloud computing adoption by SMEs within Nairobi County in Kenya. To realize this, a survey using a questionnaire titled ‘Questionnaire on use of Cloud-Based Services by SMEs’ was conducted with a convenience sample of 45 SMEs in Nairobi County. The instrument was found to be reliable with Cronbach alpha of 0.903. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 23 with descriptive and correlation analysis being the preferred methods for analysis. The results show that email and website services are widespread, however, cloud-based business applications adoption is particularly low. Therefore, the Kenyan Government should develop frameworks deliberately crafted to promote the adoption of cloud computing by SMEs in Kenya.
[1]. Agboh, D. K. (2015). Drivers and challenges of ICT adoption by SMES in Accra metropolis, Ghana. Journal of Technology Research, 6, 1-16.
[2]. Ahmad, N., & Siddiqui, J. (2014). Determinants of Cloud Computing Adoption in SMEs: An Emerging IT Platform. Journal of Basic and Applied Engineering Research, 1(7), 9-14.
[3]. Ahmed, S. N. (2011). Reaching for the "cloud": How SMEs can manage. International journal of information management, 272-278.
[4]. Akhusama, P. M., & Moturi, C. (2016). Cloud Computing Adoption in Insurance Companies in Kenya. American Journal of Information Systems, 4(1), 11-16.
[5]. Akin, O. C., Matthew, F. T., & Y, D. C. (2014). The Impact and Challenges of Cloud Computing Adoption on Public Universities in Southwestern Nigeria. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 5(8), 13-19.

Paper Title :: The Moral Harassment in Health Professionals in an Organization Public
Author Name :: Hélcia Daniel || Kátia Barbosa Macêdo
Country :: Brasil
Page Number :: 51-63
The text aims to discuss and present data on indicators of suffering and bullying in a public institution with group of professionals in healthcare. We used the theoretical and methodological approach of psychodynamic clinical work, which dealt with bullying in the emphasis the centrality of work seen in a psychic constitution important factor of the individual and subjective mobilization of this subject from their relationships at work. Bullying is abusive behavior, manifested in behavior, words and actions that may have negative effects on the psychological and physical. Thus, it analyzes the experiences of suffering caused by bullying a group of professionals, discussing its causes and consequences in the workplace. Guiding questions were prepared on the categories of psychodynamic and clinical work demonstrating the subjective mobilization and bullying as the central element of the study. As Results revealed the incidence of bullying at different levels of hierarchy and peer and its negative consequences, both in mental health, such as anxiety, anger, low esteem, as physical conditions such as illness, the removal of work, was noted aggravating psychological conditions in some participants, it was realized too, was the organization of work, required goals and results involving overload, pressure on results among others, greatly exacerbate the presence on condition of bullying in the group . Although as a result the lack of recognition was evident, and the condition of lack of speech and improvement actions by the agents causing discouragement and Negligence thereof.
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